Gorakhpur Nuclear Plant Affected Families Demand Promised Jobs

Reported by

Surabhi Bhandari

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

October 3, 2016

October 3, 2016

Updated on

October 3, 2016

Location of Conflict

Gorakhpur

Fatehabad

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Nuclear Power Plant

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

500

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

607

ha

Starting Year

State

Haryana

Sector

Power

Conflict began in 2010 when a nuclear power plant was proposed at Gorakhpur village in Haryana's Fatehabad district. The government had to acquire 1,400 acres (three villages) for the purpose, which included private as well as common land. After agitating for two years, farmers of all the villages gave up their land in early 2016. However, common grazing land, where residential complex for staff of the plant had to come up, became a matter of conflict. The villagers have challenged the takeover of this common land in the National Green Tribunal. They argue that the wildlife in the region including blackbucks will be affected with the project. Furthermore, the affected people allege that they were paid lesser compensation than what was promised during land acquisition. They are also demanding for jobs promised in the plant. In June 2018, Haryana government decided to relocate the residential complex and gave 194 acres of land in Agroha town to Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL), union government's project implementing agency. In September 2018, the NGT ruled against the demands of the villagers. In January 2019, site excavation works have started and according to the government, the first phase of the plant is expected to commence operations in 2025. As the villagers also approached the Haryana and Punjab High Court arguing that the state government did not provided them with the promised jobs, in September 2020, the court directed the state government to provide the jobs in three months. In March 2021, NGT dismissed a review petition against its previous order filed by Akhil Bhartiya Jeev Raksha Bishnoi Sabha (ABJRBS), environment conservation organisation. "We have challenged the NGT order in Supreme Court," said Vinod of ABJRBS. Stating that the conflict is ongoing, Vinod said: "Many project affected families are being denied jobs in the nuclear plant and the wildlife in the region is still under threat as NPCIL did not come up with a conservation plan for the region it acquired."

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for promised compensation

Demand for employment

Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Both

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

23502

Type of investment:

Investment Expected

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Central/State Government Policy, Environmental Laws, Land Acquisition Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Land Acquisition Act, 1894
Section 4: Notice for acquisition of land; Section 5A: Hearing of objections; Section 17: The state government has the power to take possession of land needed for a public purpose in cases of emergency; Section 15 read with Sections 23 and 24: These provisions list matters that must be considered and neglected (respectively), while determining the amount of compensation; Section 31: Collector must pay interested persons in terms of the Section 11 award.
Revision of minimum floor rates and the Policy for Rehabilitation and Resettlement of Land Owners - Land Acquisition Oustees, 2010
Point 16: The revised policy provides for 'no litigation incentives' that may be offered to landowners, where certain additional benefits may be offered in exchange for curtailing litigation proceedings relating to the land under acquisition.
Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Act, 2010
As the nuclear project commenced after the promulgation of this law, it is subject to a no-fault liability regime in case of nuclear damage or any nuclear incident that harms people. The act provides for this regime and additionally provides for prompt payment of compensation to victims.
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Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Lack of legal protection over land rights

Controversial land acquisition by the government

Non-payment of compensation/promised compensation

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Disposed

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

National Green Tribunal, High Court of Punjab and Haryana

Case Number

NGT - Appeal No. 8 of 2014 and Review Application No. 6 of 2021; HC - CWP No. 689 of 2012 and CWP No. 15656 of 2020

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Advocacy (for inclusion in courts)

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Campaigns (grassroots organisations/press releases/media)

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Union Government, Governemnt of Haryana

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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