We are a network of researchers spread across the country, who combine academic rigour with factual reportage to collect data that answers questions about land conflicts and their impact on the environment, industrial investments and people.
India’s ambitious agenda for industrial and infrastructure growth requires large swathes of land. At the same time, a huge part of its population uses land to earn livelihood. The competing demands cause conflicts. Battles over land are increasing across India irrespective of political cultures, be it Left, Right or Centre.
There has been no nationwide estimate of the spread and impact of these conflicts. While national media captures only large-scale conflicts, most of them are reported in the vernacular media as isolated incidents. As a result, the aggregate picture of the scale and intensity of the conflicts, and the emerging trends, at the national level remain unclear.
Land Conflict Watch intends to bridge this gap. We not only present a macro picture at the national level but also provide details of each conflict at the micro level.
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Over 35 researchers and journalists are part of Land Conflict Watch. They use multiple sources to find land conflicts, depending on where they are based and which source is accessible.
Data about each conflict are collected on various points. The numbers are taken from government records or from independent research studies.
An important part of this exercise is to verify the existence of each conflict and associated facts and figures using more than one source. Although most cases of conflicts are identified from media reports, they are verified by collecting additional documents.
The data collected are periodically analysed to look for emerging patterns on land conflicts.