Residents of Vadodara in Gujarat Await Rehabilitation After Demolition of Houses

Reported by

Aditi PatilLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

June 25, 2021

Location of Conflict



This is A Schedule Five District

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Urban Development (Other than Smart Cities)



People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



Starting Year






On November 15, 2018, the residents of Sahakarnagar in Vadodara protested the delay in the allotment of houses under the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY) by giving paper houses and keys to the Vadodara district collector. The slums and hutments, in which the residents had been living, have existed on government land for more than a century. In May 2017, the residents gave undertakings to the Vadodara Municipal Corporation (VMC) agreeing to vacate their houses in return for better housing at the same location. Two months later, in July 2017, the VMC demolished 1,428 hutments and 75 shops in Sahakarnagar to realize the slumfree city (smart city) vision. The VMC agreed to construct insitu slum rehabilitation in the area under the PMAY. Under the scheme, the VMC was to construct 2,637 houses for the urban poor. The people whose houses were demolished were promised rehabilitation at the same site that was planned to be developed in a publicprivate partnership for residential and commercial purposes. However, a PIL claimed that the 48,259 square metre land in TP Scheme No. 22 in Tandalja in Vadodara city has been a recognised waterbody since 1952. The PIL urged the high court that the VMC should be restrained from constructing 1,400 houses under the PMAY on the lake. No development has taken place on the site apart from clearing the debris that was left behind after the demolition drive. The residents of the slums here are being paid a monthly rent of INR 2,000 per family. In May 2018, violence between groups of people occurred in the disputed land over the uncertainty of their housing. The situation aggravated and some people began throwing stones during the confrontation. The police had to be called to control the situation. An offence was registered against 17 persons.  The same month, the Gujarat high court questioned the state government's move to denotify the waterbody and build houses while undertaking a campaign of deepening water reservoirs. It stayed the state government's decision to denotify the lake. The housing project was temporarily stayed. In November 2018, the residents held two rallies demanding alternative accommodation. The VMC directed the developer to submit plans for the project by June 2020, but it was not followed. In November 2020, the VMC issued a notice to the developer, stating that the rent for the land for the past six months should be borne by the contractor. It also states that if the realtors do not begin work soon, the contract will be cancelled. The project remains unattended to.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for rehabilitation

Region Classification


Type of Land


Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):


Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?


When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Central/State Government Policy

Legislations/Policies Involved

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-rehabilitation of displaced people, Use of old/outdated laws , Delay in allotment and possession of land/property

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

High Court of Gujarat

Case Number

WRIT PETITION (PIL) NO. 104 of 2018

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Complaints, petitions, memorandums to officials , Stone pelting

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Vadodara Municipal Corporation

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Cube Construction Engineering Limited

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:
No Images Available

Documented By

Aditi Patil

Reviewed By

Aditi Patil

Updated By

Aditi Patil

Edited By

Aditi PatilLand Conflict Watch

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