On November 15, 2018, the residents of Sahakarnagar in Vadodara protested the delay in the allotment of houses under the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY) by giving paper houses and keys to the Vadodara district collector. The slums and hutments, in which the residents had been living, have existed on government land for more than a century. In May 2017, the residents gave undertakings to the Vadodara Municipal Corporation (VMC) agreeing to vacate their houses in return for better housing at the same location. Two months later, in July 2017, the VMC demolished 1,428 hutments and 75 shops in Sahakarnagar to realize the slumfree city (smart city) vision. The VMC agreed to construct insitu slum rehabilitation in the area under the PMAY. Under the scheme, the VMC was to construct 2,637 houses for the urban poor. The people whose houses were demolished were promised rehabilitation at the same site that was planned to be developed in a publicprivate partnership for residential and commercial purposes. However, a PIL claimed that the 48,259 square metre land in TP Scheme No. 22 in Tandalja in Vadodara city has been a recognised waterbody since 1952. The PIL urged the high court that the VMC should be restrained from constructing 1,400 houses under the PMAY on the lake. No development has taken place on the site apart from clearing the debris that was left behind after the demolition drive. The residents of the slums here are being paid a monthly rent of INR 2,000 per family. In May 2018, violence between groups of people occurred in the disputed land over the uncertainty of their housing. The situation aggravated and some people began throwing stones during the confrontation. The police had to be called to control the situation. An offence was registered against 17 persons. The same month, the Gujarat high court questioned the state government's move to denotify the waterbody and build houses while undertaking a campaign of deepening water reservoirs. It stayed the state government's decision to denotify the lake. The housing project was temporarily stayed. In November 2018, the residents held two rallies demanding alternative accommodation. The VMC directed the developer to submit plans for the project by June 2020, but it was not followed. In November 2020, the VMC issued a notice to the developer, stating that the rent for the land for the past six months should be borne by the contractor. It also states that if the realtors do not begin work soon, the contract will be cancelled. The project remains unattended to.
Demand for rehabilitation
Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?
Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict
Central/State Government Policy
Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute
What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Non-rehabilitation of displaced people, Use of old/outdated laws , Delay in allotment and possession of land/property
Status of Case In Court
Whether any adjudicatory body was approached
Name of the adjudicatory body
Name(s) of the Court(s)
High Court of Gujarat
WRIT PETITION (PIL) NO. 104 of 2018
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Whether criminal law was used against protestors
Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?
Reported Details of the Violation:
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Nature of Protest
Complaints, petitions, memorandums to officials , Stone pelting
Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:
Vadodara Municipal Corporation
PSUs Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Cube Construction Engineering Limited
Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict: