On November 15, 2018, the residents of Sahakarnagar in Vadodara protested the delay in the allotment of houses under the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY) by giving paper houses and keys to the Vadodara district collector.
The slums and hutments, in which the residents had been living, have existed on government land for more than a century. In May 2017, the residents gave undertakings to the Vadodara Municipal Corporation (VMC) agreeing to vacate their houses in return for better housing at the same location.
Two months later, in July, the VMC demolished 1,428 hutments and 75 shops in Sahakarnagar to realize the slumfree city (smart city) vision. The VMC agreed to construct insitu slum rehabilitation in the area under the PMAY. Under the scheme, the VMC was to construct 2,637 houses for the urban poor. The people whose houses were demolished were promised rehabilitation at the same site that was planned to be developed in a publicprivate partnership for residential and commercial purposes.
But the project was stalled as a pond, with a surface area of 4,000 sq.m., existed at the site. A directive of the Gujarat High Court mandates civic bodies to preserve water bodies. As a result, no development has taken place on the site. The affected people, meanwhile, have put up in temporary shelters and await rehabilitation as promised.
Type of Land
Private and Common
Type of Common Land
Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)
Total investment involved (in Crores):
Type of investment:
Land Area Affected
Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:
Vadodara Municipal Corporation, Gujarat Government, Gujarat High Court
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict: