Odisha Tribals Demand Cancellation of Land Lease of Tibetan Refugees

Reported by

Krithika ALand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

June 3, 2021

Location of Conflict

Jiranga, Labarsingh

Chandragiri, Mohana and Ramgiri-Udayagiri


Reason or Cause of Conflict

Communal/Ethnic Conflict



People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



Starting Year





Land Use

Adivasis in Odisha have been protesting against the renewal of land lease to Tibetan refugees settled in the Chandragiri area of Gajapati district. In 1963, the state government had set up the Phuntsokling Tibetan refugee settlement and leased 2,250 acres of land to more than 2,500 refugees. For the last 60 years, they have been settled in five panchayats of Mohana and RamgiriUdayagiri in the district. The land in question also comes under the forest area category. Since 1963, the government has renewed the land lease every 1020 years, providing the Tibetan settlers with leased record of rights. Between 1995 and 2008, there was a lapse in the renewal process, and the government undertook temporary land lease renewal from 2008 to 2018. Under the Rehabilitation Policy for Tibetans, 2014, the settlers had been granted lease till 2018. The local Adivasi community objects to the district's extension of the lease to the refugees without consulting them and the simultaneous lack of support for them to claim their own forest rights over the land under the Forest Rights Act, 2006. They have accused the Tibetan refugees of encroaching upon tribal forestland. According to reports, an agreement for further extension of the lease from 2018 to 2022 has been signed between the Gajapati tehsildar and a representative of the Central Tibetan Relief Committee. The Adivasi Adhikar Manch members have demanded the intervention of the revenue department and warned of possible agitation if the land lease is renewed again.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for legal recognition of land rights, Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Region Classification


Type of Land


Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Central/State Government Policy, Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-implementation/violation of the FRA

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Complaints, petitions, memorandums to officials , Campaigns (Grassroots organisations/press releases/media)

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Revenue and Disaster Management Department

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Adivasi Adhikar Manch

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:
No Images Available

Documented By

Krithika A

Reviewed By

Krithika A

Updated By

Krithika A

Edited By

Krithika ALand Conflict Watch

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