Adivasis in Odisha have been protesting against the renewal of land lease to Tibetan refugees settled in the Chandragiri area of Gajapati district. In 1963, the state government had set up the Phuntsokling Tibetan refugee settlement and leased 2,250 acres of land to more than 2,500 refugees. For the last 60 years, they have been settled in five panchayats of Mohana and RamgiriUdayagiri in the district. The land in question also comes under the forest area category. Since 1963, the government has renewed the land lease every 1020 years, providing the Tibetan settlers with leased record of rights. Between 1995 and 2008, there was a lapse in the renewal process, and the government undertook temporary land lease renewal from 2008 to 2018. Under the Rehabilitation Policy for Tibetans, 2014, the settlers had been granted lease till 2018. The local Adivasi community objects to the district's extension of the lease to the refugees without consulting them and the simultaneous lack of support for them to claim their own forest rights over the land under the Forest Rights Act, 2006. They have accused the Tibetan refugees of encroaching upon tribal forestland. According to reports, an agreement for further extension of the lease from 2018 to 2022 has been signed between the Gajapati tehsildar and a representative of the Central Tibetan Relief Committee. The Adivasi Adhikar Manch members have demanded the intervention of the revenue department and warned of possible agitation if the land lease is renewed again.
Demand/Contention of the Affected Community
Demand for legal recognition of land rights, Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources
Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:
Revenue and Disaster Management Department
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Adivasi Adhikar Manch
Legislations Involved in the Conflict:
Central/State Government Policy, Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Non-implementation/violation of the FRA
Out of Court
Name(s) of Court(s)
Nature of Protest
Complaints, petitions, memorandums to officials , Campaigns (Grassroots organisations/press releases/media)
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Reported Details of the Violation:
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?