Farmers Demand Higher Compensation, Return of Excess Land Acquired for Jaipur Ring Road Project (Southern Corridor)

Reported by

Manish Tiwari

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

September 16, 2016

September 16, 2016

Updated on

September 16, 2016

Location of Conflict

Nevta

Jaipur

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Roads

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

2400

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

1692

ha

Starting Year

2009

State

Rajasthan

Sector

Infrastructure

For over a decade, the construction of the 47 km long Jaipur Ring Road Southern Corridor by the Jaipur Development Authority (JDA) has remained pending, owing to problems related to land acquisition. While the JDA has maintained that it acquired 1,692 hectares of land from 500 families for the project connecting Ajmer Road, Tonk Road and Agra Road, farmers who are set to lose their lands held several protests demanding proper compensation and a change in design of the project among others. In 2011, the JDA selected Gurgaon based construction company Sanjose Supreme Joint Venture as the final bidder for the construction of the project. As there was little or no progress in the construction of the transport project, in 2017, the JDA signed a memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) to execute the project. The revised investment of the project was pegged at Rs 1,217 crore. For the project, landowners stated that the JDA acquired 360 metres from farmers to construct 90 metres of the transport corridor, and 135 metres on both sides of the road to construct a development corridor. Farmers led by Ring Road Sangarsh Samiti allege that the JDA is acquiring excess land in the name of the corridor. They demanded higher compensation and also return of excess land back to the cultivators. The land acquired also passes through forest area and an irrigation dam zone. The concerns raised by the forest department and irrigation department officials were settled by the JDA. In November 2020, some part of the ring road was made operational and presently the NHAI is constructing coverfield structures as part of the project. Reportedly, hundreds of affected farmers families are still awaiting promised compensation.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for more compensation than promised

Demand for promised compensation

Demand to get back acquired land

Complaint against procedural violations

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Urban

Type of Land

Both

Type of Common Land

Forest and Non-Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

1216.67

Type of investment:

Revised Investment

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws, Central/State Government Policy

Legislations/Policies Involved

Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
Section 24(2): If the award was made more than 5 years before the 2013 Act, physical possession of the land is not taken, and compensation is not paid: land acquisition proceedings under the 1894 Act will lapse; Proviso to Section 24(2): If an award was made but compensation with respect to a majority of the land holdings was not given, all beneficiaries specified in the acquisition notice are entitled to compensation as per the 2013 Act; Section 25: The Collector must make an award within 12 months of the declaration of land acquisition, else the acquisition proceedings will lapse; Section 27: Determination of compensation amount to be paid; Section 31: Rehabilitation and Resettlement Awards for each affected family in terms of Schedule II; Section 38: Collector may take possession of the land within 3 months of ensuring that compensation is paid in full to all entitled persons; Section 108: Affected families may choose to opt for better compensation and rehabilitation and resettlement under the ‘Policy of the State of Rajasthan for Compensation in Land Acquisition for Development of Highways including Linear Projects’.
S.O. 2368 (E), Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement (Removal of Difficulties) Order, 2015, Ministry of Rural Development, August 28, 2015
Section 105 read with Schedule IV of the 2013 Act: Compensation in land acquisition proceedings initiated under the NHAI Act, 1956 will be calculated as per the 2013 Act.
Land Acquisition Act, 1894
Section 5A: Hearing of objections to the land acquisition notification; Section 11A: Land acquisition proceedings will lapse if a compensation award is not made within 2 years of the declaration of the intended acquisition; Section 15 read with Sections 23 and 24: These provisions list matters that must be considered and neglected (respectively), while determining the amount of compensation; Section 31: Collector must pay interested persons in terms of the Section 11 award; Section 34: When the amount of compensation is not paid or deposited on or before taking possession of the land, the Collector will pay the amount with interest @ 9% per annum from the date of taking possession until it is so deposited.
National Rehabilitation and Resettlement Policy, 2007
Affected families must be granted the benefit of rehabilitation and resettlement as per the policy; Clause 7.22: Certain amenities and infrastructural facilities must be provided at resettlement areas, including inter alia drainage, sanitation, electricity, and irrigation.
Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980
Section 2(ii): State Government cannot make any order directing that forest land or any portion thereof can be used for any non-forest purposes without prior approval of the Central Government.
National Highways Act, 1956
Section 3A: Land may be acquired by the Central Government if it is satisfied that the land is required for the building of a national highway or any part thereof; Section 3C: Any person interested in the land sought to be acquired may raise objections within 21 days of the notification and they must be heard; Section 3G: Compensation for land acquired under the National Highways Act must be assessed as per this provision; Section 3H: Compensation amount must be deposited with the competent authority before taking possession of the land.
Section 44: The JDA may enter into agreements with any person for the purchase, lease, or exchange of land that it is authorised to acquire; Section 45: Rajasthan Government may acquire land in accordance with the 1894 Act to enable the JDA to carry out its projects.
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Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Controversial land acquisition by the government

Non-payment of compensation/promised compensation

Non-implementation/violation of LARR Act

Delay in compensation

Use of old/outdated laws

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Disposed

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Rajasthan High Court

Case Number

SB Civil Writ Petition No. 9126 of 2014 (lead matter)

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Public campaign

Protests/marches

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Jaipur Development Authority, National Highways Authority of India

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Ring Road Sangarsh Samiti

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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