In a significant ruling on July 2, 2019, the Calcutta High Court observed that the process adopted by the West Bengal government to acquire land for the 1,000megawatt Turga Pumped Storage Project (TPSP) violated the Forest Rights Act (FRA). The court had earlier stayed the project in August 2018. The July court ruling observes that "there is nothing on record to suggest that resolutions were taken by each and every Gram Sabha affected by the project..."
The TPSP was proposed in 2017 for the storage and generation of electricity. The project requires 292 hectares of land, of which 234 hectares are forestland. The state Cabinet has already approved the project cost of Rs. 6,922 crore. Of this, INR 5,000 crore will be loaned by the Japan International Cooperation Agency, with which the state signed an agreement on November 2, 2018.
The company reportedly has two more projects in the pipeline, slated to come up on Bandu and Kanthaljola rivers. The WBSEDCL has already obtained Stages 1 and 2 forest and environmental clearances from the Union Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change.
Type of Land
Private and Common
Type of Common Land
Total investment involved (in Crores):
Type of investment:
Land Area Affected
Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:
West Bengal State Electricity Distribution Company Limited
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)
Legislations Involved in the Conflict:
Forest Rights Act of 2006
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Non-implementation violation of the FRA
Nature of Protest
Name(s) of Court(s)
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Reported Details of the Violation:
Date of Violation
Location of Violation