West Bengal Government Fails to Return Unutilised Land Acquired for Industrial Parks

Reported by

Mitali Biswas

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

September 14, 2016

September 14, 2016

Updated on

September 14, 2016

Location of Conflict

Raghunathpur

Purulia

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Other Kind of Infrastructure

Industrial Park

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

1397

ha

Starting Year

2007

State

West Bengal

Sector

Infrastructure

In 2007, the West Bengal government, led by the Left Front, started acquiring land to develop three industrial parks in Raghunathpur in Purulia district, namely Raghunathpur Industrial Park, Raghunathpur Industrial Park 1 and Raghunathpur Industrial Park 2. For the first Raghunathpur Industrial Park, 1,924 acres of land under the administration of the West Bengal Industrial Development Corporation (WBIDC) was acquired. The WBIDC also acquired 793.75 acres for Industrial Park 1 and 733.99 acres for Industrial Park 2, resulting in a total acquisition of 3,451.71 acres of land. Agreements with companies such as Jai Balaji Group, Reliance Cement, Emami Cement, Adhunik Corporation and Shyam Steel Industries were signed, and the companies were allotted lands for their industrial units, which dealt with steel, power and cement. However, even after more than a decade of the land acquisition, the project has not started. The families who gave their land started demanding their land back in the wake of the Singur case judgement, in which the Supreme Court ordered the land to be returned to the original landholders for the reason that it was illegally acquired. In 2016, farmers started to protest demanding the return of their land as the project was yet to take off. Protests were organised under the banner of Nutandi Anchal Krishi Committee, a local organisation that has been fighting for farmer rights since the conflict began. In 2018, the committee submitted a memorandum to the Raghunathpur sub-divisional administration seeking the return of their land as there have been no factories built. The committee members also marched to the district magistrate's office. Several companies who were supposed to build on the land backed off. Emami Cement cancelled the project and returned the land to the state. Jai Balaji Group, similarly, suspended the project due to the downturn in the steel market. Also, coal blocks that were supposed to supply to steel industries were cancelled due to allegations of corruption. Shyam Steel and Adhunik Group also did not build any project. Reportedly, at the time of land acquisition in Raghunathpur, there was another demand to increase the compensation for the land acquired, but that movement took a turn due to growing frustration among villagers over the lack of industry on the land. The villagers are currently demanding the return of land. On June 8, 2019, LCW spoke to a volunteer from the Nutandi Anchal Krishi Committee, who said that the movement is ongoing even though the momentum has lost steam. But, he said, they would not give up. According to a news report of December 2020, the Raghunathpur Industrial Park's undeveloped land lies with the West Bengal Industrial Development Corporation's land bank.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

No items found.

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Private

Type of Common Land

Total investment involved (in Crores):

16000

Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

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Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

No items found.

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Protests/marches

Development of a network or collective

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Left goverment, WBIDC

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Jai Balaji Industries Limited, Adhunik Corporation Limited, Dishergarh Power Supply Company Limited, Damodar Valley Corporation

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Nutandi Anchal Krishi committee , Nutandi Anchal Krishi commitee

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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