Gujarat Farmers Oppose Use of Grazing Land for Jatropha Cultivation, Demand Redistribution

Reported by

Aditi PatilLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

August 26, 2021

Location of Conflict



Reason or Cause of Conflict




People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



Starting Year





Conservation and Forestry

In Patan district, about 600 acres of _gauchar _land (grazing land) in Anwarpura village was identified by the Gujarat State Land Development Corporation (GSLDC) for jatropha plant cultivation. Oil extracted from these plants is used in the production of aviation fuel. Considering its commercial benefit, the village panchyat had agreed to hand over the land to the GSLDC. However, the plan did not materialise and the GSLDC transferred the land to Gujarat State Fertilizers & Chemicals Limited (GSFCL) for jatropha cultivation in 2008. For this transfer, no consent was taken from the villagers. In December 2008, GSFCL started jatropha cultivation on 132 acres of the land, which led to widespread protests in the village. As a result, the company had to suspend its work in April 2009. Villagers had proposed to the GSFCL to distribute the land to landless farmers and undertake cultivation in partnership with the company. The company did not agree to the proposal. Varjangaji Janaji Thakore, sarpanch (head of panchayat) of Anwarpura, said, "It would have been a winwin situation for everybody, with the marginal farmers getting a sustainable means of livelihood and the company getting its jatropha." In 2018, as part of agroforestry proposals of the forest department, the state government wanted to restart its plantation efforts. But the villagers continued to oppose the idea. Gujarat Lok Samiti had written letters to the chief minister, revenue minister and principal secretary regarding its demands but have not received any response from the government yet.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Complaint against procedural violations, Demand to get back acquired land

Demand to distribute 132 acres of land amongst landless farmers in the village

Region Classification


Type of Land


Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?


When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Central/State Government Policy

Legislations/Policies Involved

  1. Gujarat State Government Resolutions, 2005

    These policies provide for government wasteland to be allotted on lease basis to large industrial houses and competent individual farmers for the purposes of extending the cultivable area in the state. The cultivation has to be for the purposes of agriculture, horticulture and bio-fuels.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Violation of free prior informed consent

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court


Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

High Court of Gujarat

Case Number

Special Civil Application No. 5433 of 2009

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Complaints, petitions, memorandums to officials

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Gujarat State Land Development Corporation

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Gujarat State Fertilisers & Chemicals Limited

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?


Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?


Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Gujarat Lok Samiti

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:
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Documented By

Aditi Patil

Reviewed By

Aditi Patil

Updated By

Aditi Patil

Edited By

Aditi PatilLand Conflict Watch

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