Foxconn Deal Scrapped, Relief for Tribal Communities in Maharashtra

Reported by

Jinda SandbhorLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

October 26, 2021

Location of Conflict

Dapchari and Vankas

Palghar

This is A Schedule Five District

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Manufacturing

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

7664

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

2766

ha

Starting Year

2017

State

Maharashtra

Sector

Industry

Between 19601966, the state government had acquired 2,766 hectares of land in Dahanu and Talasari tehsils in Palghar district for a grand "Dapchari Dairy Project", aiming to supply 1.5 lakh litres of milk to Mumbai every day while generating job opportunities for tribal communities. But the project failed due to apprehensions of dairy entrepreneurs to shift outside. According to information from the dairy development department, the government purchased the land from 1,071 tribal families, disbursing a total compensation of INR 39.96 lakh. The state rehabilitated the projectaffected families on 236 hectares of land. In 2015, Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis signed an MoU with iPhone manufacturer Foxconn to commit for a USD $5billion investment in the 'Make in Maharashtra' project. Initially, the government had planned to give the company land along the MumbaiPune expressway in Khopoli (Raigad) and Chakan and Talegaon (Pune). However, in 2017, the state considered handing over tribal land in Palghar to Foxconn as the company was more interested in this location due to its proximity to Mumbai. The tribal communities in Palghar opposed this move. According to activists from the Adivasi Ekta Parishad, since the dairy project never took off as planned, the tribal families went back to farming on their land. They say that either the state government should go forward with dairy project or return the land to the families. They are opposed to the private undertaking of the land as they fear the industries will pollute the resources making their livelihood difficult. In November 2018, tribal communities from all over Maharashtra protested against the acquisition of tribal land for various industrial purposes. They claimed that large proportion of tribal land is with the state, due to which they are unable to claim any relief from banks or financial institutions because as they do not have land ownership. The largescale protest concluded after the government promised to look into the matter and vowed to fulfill their demands. Meanwhile, due to diplomatic tensions between India and China, the deal with Foxconn took a backseat. In an article dated October 2019, Girish Kuber, the editor of the leading Marathi daily Lok Satta, said that the Foxconn deal, which was uncertain earlier, had been concluded, although there was no official declaration. In January 2020, the Foxconn deal was scrapped reportedly due to internal issues of the company.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Refusal to give up land for the project, Opposition against environmental degradation

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Both

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

36995

Type of investment:

Investment Expected

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?

Yes

When did it end?

January 2020

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws, Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Violation of LARR Act, Violation of free prior informed consent

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Protests/marches

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Directorate of Industries, Vankas and Dapchari panchayat

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Foxconn Technology Group

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Adivasi Ekta Parishad

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:
No Images Available

Documented By

Jinda Sandbhor

Reviewed By

Jinda Sandbhor

Updated By

Jinda Sandbhor

Edited By

Jinda SandbhorLand Conflict Watch
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