Legal Data by
September 5, 2016
September 5, 2016
September 5, 2016
The fate of infrastructure projects worth INR 200 crore hangs in balance in Bhagalpur district due to multiple land acquisition disputes. People living around the proposed Gorghat Bridge, which connects to National Highway80, have refused to give up their land because of an unresolved water dispute. The construction of the bridge has suffered repeated delays since 2006. In 2019, it was reported that while 12.03 decimal land was required for the construction of the approach road and the district administration had sent the required amount of INR 87,45,275 to the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) for the land acquisiton process, the funds were yet to be released by it. District Land Acquisition Officer Rajesh Kumar informed that as soon as the required amount was disbursed by the NHAI, the landowners would be compensated and the construction work can begin. However, Gurugrambased based C&C Construction Limited, responsible for the project completion, neared bankruptcy and failed to complete the project by the 2020 target. While seizing security money from the company, the project was transferred from the NHAI to the State Bridge Construction** **Corporation. In 2021, a Detailed Project Report was sent to the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, requesting an additional INR 3 crore to complete the project. In 2016, similar protests marred the construction of an approach road to the SultanganjAguwani Ghat Bridge, built at a cost of INR 1,710 crore, with villagers demanding compensation at commercial rates instead of agricultural rates. The district magistrates concerned were urged to expedite the land acquisition process. In 2018, it was reported that the process had been expedited for the access road to the Aguwani bridge on the Ganges. The land of seven villages in Sultanganj block were marked for acquisition. In 2020, it was reported that the construction of the bridge and approach road would soon begin with a total of 470 out of 1,054 landholders having been paid compensation for the land between Aguwani to Pasraha. However, noting the reservations of some farmers, officials estimated that the construction of the bridge and access road would not be complete before 2022. It was again reported in February 2021 that after consistent delays, the construction would start within a week. But land owners continue to protest, demanding increased compensation and refusing the compensation offered by officials.
Refusal to give up land for the project
Demand for more compensation than promised
Complaint against procedural violations
Demand for promised compensation
Demand for compensation
Total investment involved (in Crores):
Type of investment:
Year of Estimation
Page Number In Investment Document:
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?
Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict
Land Acquisition Laws, Other
Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute
What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?
What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Status of Case In Court
Whether any adjudicatory body was approached
Name of the adjudicatory body
Name(s) of the Court(s)
High Court of Bihar at Patna
CWJC No. 8900/ 2020
Main Reasoning/Decision of court
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Whether criminal law was used against protestors:
Reported Details of the Violation:
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Nature of Protest
Refusal of compensation
Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials
Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:
National Highways Authority of India
PSUs Involved in the Conflict:
Bihar Rajya Pul Nirman Nigam Limited, Bihar State Bridge Construction Corporation Limited
Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
S.P. Singla Construction Private Limited, C&C Construction Limited
Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?
Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict: