Land Disputes in Bihar's Bhagalpur Stall Infrastructure Projects Worth INR 200 Crore

Reported by

Alok

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

September 5, 2016

September 5, 2016

Updated on

September 5, 2016

Location of Conflict

Ghorghat Milik

Bhagalpur

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Roads

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

288

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

2

ha

Starting Year

2013

State

Bihar

Sector

Infrastructure

The fate of infrastructure projects worth INR 200 crore hangs in balance in Bhagalpur district due to multiple land acquisition disputes. People living around the proposed Gorghat Bridge, which connects to National Highway80, have refused to give up their land because of an unresolved water dispute. The construction of the bridge has suffered repeated delays since 2006. In 2019, it was reported that while 12.03 decimal land was required for the construction of the approach road and the district administration had sent the required amount of INR 87,45,275 to the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) for the land acquisiton process, the funds were yet to be released by it. District Land Acquisition Officer Rajesh Kumar informed that as soon as the required amount was disbursed by the NHAI, the landowners would be compensated and the construction work can begin. However, Gurugrambased based C&C Construction Limited, responsible for the project completion, neared bankruptcy and failed to complete the project by the 2020 target. While seizing security money from the company, the project was transferred from the NHAI to the State Bridge Construction** **Corporation. In 2021, a Detailed Project Report was sent to the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, requesting an additional INR 3 crore to complete the project. In 2016, similar protests marred the construction of an approach road to the SultanganjAguwani Ghat Bridge, built at a cost of INR 1,710 crore, with villagers demanding compensation at commercial rates instead of agricultural rates. The district magistrates concerned were urged to expedite the land acquisition process. In 2018, it was reported that the process had been expedited for the access road to the Aguwani bridge on the Ganges. The land of seven villages in Sultanganj block were marked for acquisition. In 2020, it was reported that the construction of the bridge and approach road would soon begin with a total of 470 out of 1,054 landholders having been paid compensation for the land between Aguwani to Pasraha. However, noting the reservations of some farmers, officials estimated that the construction of the bridge and access road would not be complete before 2022. It was again reported in February 2021 that after consistent delays, the construction would start within a week. But land owners continue to protest, demanding increased compensation and refusing the compensation offered by officials.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Refusal to give up land for the project

Demand for more compensation than promised

Complaint against procedural violations

Demand for promised compensation

Demand for compensation

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Private

Type of Common Land

Total investment involved (in Crores):

200

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws, Other

Legislations/Policies Involved

National Highways Act, 1956
Section 3A [Union government has the power to declare intention to acquire land by notification if required for the building or management of a national highway]; Section 3G(7) [Factors to be taken into account while determining compensation under the Act]
Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
Section 105 [Provisions of the Act to not apply to laws in Fourth Schedule, which includes the National Highways Authority of India]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

No items found.

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Pending

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

High Court of Bihar at Patna

Case Number

CWJC No. 8900/ 2020

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

None

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Refusal of compensation

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

National Highways Authority of India

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Bihar Rajya Pul Nirman Nigam Limited, Bihar State Bridge Construction Corporation Limited

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

S.P. Singla Construction Private Limited, C&C Construction Limited

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

None

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

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Reviewed By

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