Farmers Affected by Angul-Sukinda Railway Line in Odisha Demand Adequate Compensation

Reported by

Sandeep Pattnaik

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

July 23, 2017

July 23, 2017

Updated on

July 23, 2017

Location of Conflict

Sukinda

Jajpur

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Railways

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

678

ha

Starting Year

2007

State

Odisha

Sector

Infrastructure

The government is executing a 102km long railway line project in PublicPrivatePartnership (PPP) Model, in the Duburi Angul Sukinda mining belt in the upcoming Kalinga Nagar industrial complex in Odisha. It will also provide rail connectivity to Kamakhya Nagar and Bhuban in Dhenkanal district. The government is claiming that not a single person will be displaced, however, people living in 49 villages in Dhenkanal, seven in Angul and 13 in Jajpur districts will lose their agricultural land. The government sent the land acquisition notices to the villagers in the year 2007. The conflict started when the affected villagers under the banner of Duburi Angul Sukinda Railway line Khyatigrasta Chasi Suraksha Committee (Committee for the Protection of Farmers Affected by Duburi Angul Sukinda Railway line) demanded higher compensation as per the market rate and land for land. On March 22, 2016, the villagers vehemently protested when construction of the railway line started. The work was stopped for nearly two hours. However, the work resumed after police rushed to the spot and arrested 14 persons. In 2019, it was reported that due to the persistent clashes between the locals and railway project officials, the latter sought police protection. In January agitating locals stopped ground levelling work for the line. In response, a platoon of police led by Kalinganagar ASP was deployed. On 7th January, 2020, 50 local adivasi women came to the railway construction site and threatened to commit mass suicide alleging that the construction for the tracks had started without their consent and the payment of proper compensation to the villagers. It was reported on 5th February 2021, that the AngulSukinda Road, part of the broader railway project (98.7km) has received a budget grant of Rs 400 crore against last year's 450 crore and that 65% of the project has already been completed with the remainder estimated to being completed by the end of the year. Further, in May 2021, the Tehsildar of Jajpur, Bulbul Mehra, informed LCW that there has been no recent local agitation towards the Angul Sukinda railway project due to the recent lockdown.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for compensation

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Both

Type of Common Land

Forest and Non-Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

1202.7

Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
Section 105 [Provisions of this Act not to apply for land acquisitions made under the Railways Act]; Section 28 [The Collector is to take into account damage to all crops and trees located on the acquired land while determining amount of compensation]; Section 29(2) [Determination of the value of the crops damaged during the process of land acquisition should be done with the help of experienced persons in the field of agriculture] Section 41(6) [In case of land acquisition from members of the Scheduled Tribe, one-third of the compensation must be paid before taking possession of the land]
Railways Act, 1989
Section 20F (8)(a) [Compensation to be determined by the competent authority based on market value of acquired land]; Section 20G (1) [The market value of land to be determined according to the Indian Stamp Act and the average sale price for similar type of land in the vicinity]; Section 20G (5) and (6) [While determining compensation, the competent authority must take into account the value of the trees, plants and standing crops damaged during the process of land acquisition] Section 20J [Central government to have the power to enter acquired land only after compensation has been paid according to the provisions of this Act]
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  4. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  5. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  7. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

Yes

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

Demand for adequate compensation as per current market prices under the Land Acquisition Act and Railways Act.

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-payment of compensation/promised compensation

Delay in compensation

Incorrect estimation of compensation

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Disposed

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

No

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Odisha High Court

Case Number

W.O.(C) No. 8034 of 2016; W.P.(C) No. 18082 of 2016

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Arrest/detention/imprisonment

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

No

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Campaigns (grassroots organisations/press releases/media)

Protests/marches

Objections as part of official procedures

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

The Angul Sukinda Railway Limited

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Bulbul Behera Tehsildar, Sukinda, 2021-" There has been a lockdown in Orissa, so no recent agitations regarding the railway line"

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Duburi- Anugul -Sukinda- Railway line Khyatigrasta Chasi Surakshya Committee

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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