An order by the Kerala revenue department was passed on March 2, 2016, handing over 95.44 acres in Ernakulam's Puthenvelikkara Panchayat and 32.41 acres of land in Madathumpadi village to RMZ Eco World Infrastructure Private Limited (Formerly Adarsh Prime Projects Pvt. Ltd. SEZ owned by controversial Godman Santhosh Madhavan) to set up a Hi Tech IT Park. The land, which consists of paddy fields, which required clearance and permission in accordance with the Paddy and Wetlands Act, 2008. The order also noted that the proposed Hi Tech IT Park would involve an investment of Rs 1,600 crore and 20,00030,000 direct and indirect employment opportunities. As per the government order, the deal was exempted from the land ceiling limit under Section81(3) of the Kerala Land Reforms Act. The land, which has been handed over to RMZ, had been stuck in a controversy earlier in 2012. Controversial godman Santhosh Madhavan and his accomplices had bought the land from several individuals and handed it over to then Adarsh Prime Projects Pvt. Ltd (now RMZ Eco World Infrastructure Private Limited) in Bangalore. The firm is owned by him. However, the revenue department had opposed the deal when it came for documentation. A detailed inquiry was conducted and the Ernakulam District Collector had ordered that the land, where except 15 acres permissible under Land Reforms Act, excess land was to be transferred to Paravur Taluk Land Board. The company had also approached the High Court which ruled against them. Excess land was taken over by the Government. However, in 2016 the land was reallotted to RMZ Eco World Infrastructure Private Limited. There have been a series of protests by local communities against the government move, saying that the affected area includes Thazhamchira wetland. This wetland is a source for fresh water stability in the region, and is also a cattle rearing area for the local people. There are nearly 200 families that directly depend on the wetland. However on 24 March 2016, the government finally backtracked in the wake of strident opposition from several politicians. The same year, a petition was filed before the Muvattupuzha Vigilance Court demanding an inquiry against Chief Minister Oommen Chandy, Revenue Minister Adoor Prakash and three others over the alleged corruption in allotment of 112 acre of land to a business firm owned by controversial godman Santhosh Madhavan.
Demand/Contention of the Affected Community
Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources, Opposition against environmental degradation
Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
RMZ Eco World Infrastructure Private Limited
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Santhosh Madhavan, Puthenvelikkara
Legislations Involved in the Conflict:
Land Reform Laws, Environmental Laws
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Controversial land acquisition by the government
Out of Court
Name(s) of Court(s)
Nature of Protest
Protests/marches, Complaints, petitions, memorandums to officials
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Reported Details of the Violation:
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?