NHRC Takes Note of Plight of Indrvati Dam-Displaced People, State Yet to Act

Reported by

Sandeep PattnaikLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

October 28, 2019

Location of Conflict




This is a Left Wing Extremism Affected District

This is A Schedule Five District

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Hydroelectric Project



People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)







In 1978, the Indravati project was inaugurated at Mukhiguda in Kalahandi district by the then Prime Minister Morarjee Desai. Currently it is the largest power producing dam in eastern India with a capacity of 600 MW. Even four decades after the dam was made operational for power generation, many displaced families, specially in the 16 villages, falling in the cutoff area of the Indravati reservoir, in the Kalahandi district, have not yet been rehabilitated. People living are deprived of basic amenities. There is no power supply, drinking water, communication, health and education facilities in these villages. Village residents have submitted a number of memorandums to the authorities demanding better rehabilitation. The affected families had filed a petition in the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) in 2014. The petitioner claimed around one lakh people from more than 100 villages in the four districts were living in the cut off area inside the Indravati reservoir. They were deprived of basic necessities such as safe drinking water, primary health care and education. For communication, they had to depend on country boats due to lack of roads. In August 2016, the NHRC had also issued notices to the Chief Secretary of the state and the district collectors of Kalahandi, Koraput, Nabarangpur and Rayagada to submit a report within 15 days for the hearings in the case. It directed the Odisha Government to prepare a comprehensive study on the displaced families, besides providing them adequate compensation and rehabilitation. However, the State Government is yet to act on the recommendation of National Human Rights Commission (NHRC).

Region Classification

Type of Land


Private and Common

Type of Common Land

Forest and Non-Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):


Type of investment:

Land Area Affected
(in Hectares):



Starting Year


Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:

Government of Odisha

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Resources Related to Conflict

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