NHRC Takes Note of Plight of Indravati Dam Displaced, State Yet to Act

Reported by

Sandeep Pattnaik

Published on

May 15, 2017

May 15, 2017

Updated on

May 15, 2017

Location of Conflict

Mukhiguda

Kalahandi

This is a Left Wing Extremism Affected District

This is A Schedule Five District

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Hydroelectric Project

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

17000

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

13165

ha

Starting Year

1978

State

Odisha

Sector

Power

In 1978, the Indravati project was inaugurated at Mukhiguda in Kalahandi district by the then Prime Minister Morarjee Desai. Currently it is the largest power producing dam in eastern India with a capacity of 600 MW. Even four decades after the dam was made operational for power generation, many displaced families, specially in the 16 villages, falling in the cutoff area of the Indravati reservoir, in the Kalahandi district, have not yet been rehabilitated. People living are deprived of basic amenities. There is no power supply, drinking water, communication, health and education facilities in these villages. Village residents have submitted a number of memorandums to the authorities demanding better rehabilitation. The affected families had filed a petition in the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) in 2014. The petitioner, activist Radhakanta Tripathy, claimed around one lakh people from more than 100 villages in the four districts were living in the cut off area inside the Indravati reservoir. He pointed out the lack of a postfacto analysis of the impact of the dams in the region, including an estimation of the extent of forest and fertile lands which have been submerged due to dam construction and allied activities. Highlighting how several families continue to be deprived of any compensation at all, he urged the body to take immediate action. In August 2016, the NHRC had also issued notices to the Chief Secretary of the state and the district collectors of Kalahandi, Koraput, Nabarangpur and Rayagada to submit a report within 15 days for the hearings in the case. It directed the Odisha Government to prepare a comprehensive study on the displaced families, besides providing them adequate compensation and rehabilitation. However, the State Government is yet to act on the recommendation of National Human Rights Commission (NHRC). It was announced in September, 2020 that the energy department had decided to provide electricity to almost 1.5 lakh people in Kalahandi who were hitherto deprived of itdespite the project being operationalin a phased manner. However, the state government continues to sit on the recommendations from the NHRC.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for rehabilitation

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Both

Type of Common Land

Forest and Non-Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

208

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Land Acquisition Act, 1894
Section 4 [Whenever it appears that land is needed for any public purpose, a notification to that effect shall be published and a public notice shall be issued]; Section 11 [The collector shall make an award with respect to the land sought to be acquired containing the area of land and amount of compensation]; Section 16 [When the collector has made an award under Section 11, he may take possession of the land and it shall vest absolutely in the Government]
Odisha Resettlement and Rehabilitation Policy, 2006
Paragraph 1(ii) [Policy applicable to all those projects, including ongoing irrigation projects, where land has been acquired under the 1894 Act.]; The policy provides for survey and identification of displaced families and the grant of compensation and resettlement habitats along with rehabilitation assistance.
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-rehabilitation of displaced people

Delay in compensation

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Yes

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

No

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

No items found.

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

NHRC

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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