Over 15,000 farmers to Lose Land for Cement Plants in Nawalgarh

Reported by

Manish Tiwari

Published on

October 19, 2016

October 19, 2016

Updated on

October 19, 2016

Location of Conflict

Nawalgarh

Jhunjhunu

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Limestone Mining

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

45000

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

5769

ha

Starting Year

2006

State

Rajasthan

Sector

Mining

In 2006, cement giants Ultratech Cement, Shree Cement, India Cements came to limestonerich Nawalgarh, in Jhunjhunu, to set up cement plants. Limestone is an important raw material in cement production. The state government declared 5,769 hectares as land of "little agricultural importance", and notified it for the plants and ancillary mines. The government has granted 4,600 ha of land to Ultratech Cement (Aditya Birla Group), 780 ha to Shree Cement of Rajasthan and 825 ha to India Cements. Ninety per cent of the notified area is, reportedly, privateowned. About 15,000 farmers and their families across 21 villages stand to lose their land. Since 2010, the farmers began protests in the region and in front of Sub Divisional Magistrate's office against the acquisition. Lately, people of the neighbouring villages have also joined the protest. They are apprehensive of the effect the cement plants can have on the environment, especially groundwater. The conflict is not for more compensation but to retain their land for agriculture purposes. As per the government proposal, the farmers would be given an amount of Rs 18 lakh for one hectare of irrigated land and Rs 17 lakh for one hectare of unirrigated or rainfed land. The landowners are protesting the acquisition of their fertile land which gives them three crops a year. They also accuse the government of taking a decision without consulting the people and without following the procedure of land acquisition transparently. The government claims public consultations were held and notifications were issued in local dailies. Shree Cement Company had requested the Rajasthan State Industrial Development and Investment Corporation (RIICO) to acquire land for its plant. Reportedly, India Cements withdrew its plans for setting up the Plant while land acquisition for other two companies is ongoing despite years of protests from the affected people. Bhumi Adhigrahan Virodhi Kisan Sangarsh Samiti, the platform organising the protests had alleged that there have been incidences of violation of rules and procedures. The Rajasthan Land Tenancy Act prohibits buying land of the Scheduled Castes and Tribes, but it is reported that the companies are buying land in the name of their agents and employees. As of June 2021, Shree Cements is in the process of acquiring the land. It has been reported that the company announced that it will also set up solar power plants with capacity up to 106 MWp there as part of its plans to develop an integrated cement plant.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Complaint against procedural violations

Refusal to give up land for the project

Opposition against environmental degradation

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Private

Type of Common Land

Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

1660

Type of investment:

Investment Expected

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws, Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws, Environmental Laws, Other

Legislations/Policies Involved

Rajasthan Tenancy Act, 1955
S. 42 [The sale of a Khatedar tenant's interest in his holding shall be void if such sale is by a member of Scheduled Caste or Scheduled Tribe in favour of a person who is not a member of the Scheduled Caste or Scheduled Tribe respectively.]
Rajasthan Industrial Area Development Authority Act, 1995
S. 7 [RIICO has the power to develop industrial areas]
Land Acquisition Act, 1894
S.4 [Publication of preliminary notification to acquire land for a company]; S.5A [Hearing of objections from persons interest in the land to be acquired]; S.11 [Determination of compensation by the collector.]
Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974
S.24 [Prohibition of disposal of polluting matter in a stream or on land.]
Rajasthan Land Revenue Act, 1956
S. 89 [Right to all mines, including right to access land for the purposes of mining, vests with the state government and can be assigned by it to any person.]
Mineral Concession Rules, 1960
Rule 22(3)(h) and provisos [Application for mining lease shall be accompanied by consent of the owners of surface rights provided that (a) it may be furnished after execution of the lease deed but before entry into the said area and (b) no such statement shall be necessary where the land is owned by the Government.]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  5. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  6. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-implementation/violation of FRA

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Disposed

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Yes

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Rajasthan High Court

Case Number

S.B. Civil Writ Petition Nos. 14317, 10659 & 13006 of 2009

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Protests/marches

Campaigns (grassroots organisations/press releases/media)

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

State Government

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Ultratech Cement, Shree Cement and India Cements

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Bhumi Adhigrahan Virodhi Kisan Sangarsh Samiti

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Updated By

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Edited By

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