Legal Data by
June 22, 2022
June 22, 2022
June 22, 2022
On May 20, 2022, residents of Karivetti village in Cuddalore district of Tamil Nadu staged a protest against the acquisition of land for the expansion of a lignite mine by NLC India. This mine will aid the second expansion of NLC's super critical lignite based thermal power plant located in Neyveli.
NLC India is a public sector unit (PSU) that generates electricity through fossil fuels like coal and lignite, as well as renewable sources like wind and solar. It already runs three mines in Cuddalore district. And has now initiated the process of land acquisition for expanding its third mine. This expansion is set to be carried out in the villages of Karivetti, Karaimedu, Kathazhai, Mummudi Cholagan, Melvalaiyamadevi, and Keezhvalaiyamadevi.
In 2019, the Southern Bench of the National Green Tribunal refused to set aside the environmental clearance granted to the second expansion of the super critical lignite-based thermal power plant with a capacity of 2x600 MW run by NLC in Cuddalore.
When officials attempted to survey the lands for acquisition, the locals broke out in protest against the move. "We are seeking higher compensation than promised. We also want permanent jobs," said A. Manikandan, a local AIADMK functionary. "Earlier, only the officials used to come to our villages for land acquisition. But now that we are protesting, a few hundred cops are accompanying them. People are threatened and intimidated while acquiring land."
Manikandan said that around 12,000-20,000 acres would be affected because of the project. However, an official figure is not available yet as the survey is still on. "Lands have been acquired since 1956. But, only 1,850 people have got permanent jobs while the rest work only on a contractual basis. People who work temporarily earn as little as Rs 385 per shift. To give people labour, NLC has created farmlands on artificial mounds of debris after destroying agriculture in the region", added Manikandan.
Emails and phone calls by LCW to the NLC Public Relations Department remained unanswered on the date of publishing this conflict.
Demand for employment
Demand for more compensation than promised
Refusal to give up land for the project
Common and Private
Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)
Total investment involved (in Crores):
Type of investment:
Year of Estimation
Page Number In Investment Document:
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?
Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict
Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute
What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?
What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Non-consultation with stakeholders
Violation of environmental laws
Status of Case In Court
Whether any adjudicatory body was approached
Name of the adjudicatory body
Name(s) of the Court(s)
National Green Tribunal
Appeal No. 13 of 2019 (SZ)
Main Reasoning/Decision of court
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Whether criminal law was used against protestors:
Reported Details of the Violation:
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Nature of Protest
Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials
Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:
Tamil Nadu Revenue Department, Tamil Nadu Pollution Control Board, Ministry of Environment, Forests, and Climate Change
PSUs Involved in the Conflict:
NLC India Ltd
Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?
Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict: