J&K Government Serves Notice to 200 Families in Budgam for Encroaching Forestland

Reported by

Rabiya Bashir

Published on

April 23, 2021

April 23, 2021

Updated on

April 23, 2021

Location of Conflict

Jabbad village

Batiwudar, Branwar, Nagbal, Yusmarg, and Darwan

Budgam

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Forest Administration (Other than Protected Areas)

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

200

ha

Starting Year

2020

State

Jammu and Kashmir

Sector

Conservation and Forestry

In January 2020, the Jammu and Kashmir forest department issued eviction notices to at least 200 families living in several villages of Budgam, including Batiwudar, Jabbad, Branwar, Nagbal, Yusmarg and Darwan villages. According to the department, the families own apple orchards that fall under encroached forestland. The families now live in fear that they will be forcefully evicted. Ashraf Kattoo, district forest officer (DFO) of Budgam, told LCW that the J&K forest department have sent notices to people who have apple orchards on forestland. The government will retrieve 200 hectares of land in different villages in Budgam district, including Jabbad, in 2021. We have been living in this area for several generations. Why does the government have a problem all of a sudden? a resident told the media. The people in these villages claim that the land was allocated to them in the 1940s by the government under the Grow More Food Programme. We have resided here for centuries now, where shall we go? We will not leave our orchards and homes.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for legal recognition of land rights

Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws, Other, Central/State Government Policy

Legislations/Policies Involved

Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006
Section 3(1)(a): [Right of traditional forest dwellers to live on forest land, hold forestland and self cultivate]; Section 4(1): [Forest rights are vested with traditional forest dwellers and ST communities]
Public Premises (Eviction of Unauthorised Occupants) Act, 1971
Section 4: [Estate Officers are empowered to issue a show-cause notice to an occupant of land, against the order of eviction]
Grow More Food Program, 1949
This policy allowed for the allotment of land for cultivation and led to allotment/"encroachment" of forestland as well.
First Five Year Plan, 1951
The first five-year plan provided for increased agricultural production through means such as the Grow More Food programme
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  4. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  5. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  6. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  7. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-implementation/violation of FRA

Lack of legal protection over land rights

Forced evictions/dispossession of land

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Media-based activism/alternative media

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Jammu and Kashmir Forest Department

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Ashraf Kattoo, district forest officer (DFO) of Budgam, told LCW that the J&K forest department have sent notices to people who have apple orchards on forestland. "The government will retrieve 200 hectares of land in different villages in Budgam district, including Jabbad, in 2021."

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Ashraf Kattoo, district forest officer (DFO) of Budgam, told LCW that the J&K forest department have sent notices to people who have apple orchards on forestland. "The government will retrieve 200 hectares of land in different villages in Budgam district, including Jabbad, in 2021."

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

Image Credit:  

Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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