In January 2020, the Jammu and Kashmir forest department issued eviction notices to at least 200 families living in several villages of Budgam, including Batiwudar, Jabbad, Branwar, Nagbal, Yusmarg and Darwan villages. According to the department, the families own apple orchards that fall under encroached forestland. The families now live in fear that they will be forcefully evicted. Ashraf Kattoo, district forest officer (DFO) of Budgam, told LCW that the J&K forest department have sent notices to people who have apple orchards on forestland. The government will retrieve 200 hectares of land in different villages in Budgam district, including Jabbad, in 2021. We have been living in this area for several generations. Why does the government have a problem all of a sudden? a resident told the media. The people in these villages claim that the land was allocated to them in the 1940s by the government under the Grow More Food Programme. We have resided here for centuries now, where shall we go? We will not leave our orchards and homes.
Demand/Contention of the Affected Community
Demand for legal recognition of land rights, Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources
Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:
Jammu and Kashmir Forest Department
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Legislations Involved in the Conflict:
Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws, Other, Central/State Government Policy
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Non-implementation/violation of the FRA, Lack of legal protection over land rights, Forced evictions/ Dispossession of Land
Out of Court
Name(s) of Court(s)
Nature of Protest
Media based activism/alternative media
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Reported Details of the Violation:
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?