Batiwudar, Branwar, Nagbal, Yusmarg, and Darwan
Forest Administration (Other than Protected Areas)
Jammu and Kashmir
Conservation and Forestry
In January 2020, the Jammu and Kashmir forest department issued eviction notices to at least 200 families living in several villages of Budgam, including Batiwudar, Jabbad, Branwar, Nagbal, Yusmarg and Darwan villages. According to the department, the families own apple orchards that fall under encroached forestland. The families now live in fear that they will be forcefully evicted. Ashraf Kattoo, district forest officer (DFO) of Budgam, told LCW that the J&K forest department have sent notices to people who have apple orchards on forestland. The government will retrieve 200 hectares of land in different villages in Budgam district, including Jabbad, in 2021. We have been living in this area for several generations. Why does the government have a problem all of a sudden? a resident told the media. The people in these villages claim that the land was allocated to them in the 1940s by the government under the Grow More Food Programme. We have resided here for centuries now, where shall we go? We will not leave our orchards and homes.
Demand for legal recognition of land rights, Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?
Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict
Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws, Other, Central/State Government Policy
Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute
What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Non-implementation/violation of the FRA, Lack of legal protection over land rights, Forced evictions/ Dispossession of Land
Out of Court
Status of Case In Court
Whether any adjudicatory body was approached
Name of the adjudicatory body
Name(s) of the Court(s)
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Whether criminal law was used against protestors
Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?
Reported Details of the Violation:
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Nature of Protest
Media based activism/alternative media
Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:
Jammu and Kashmir Forest Department
PSUs Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict: