In February 2017, the Raipur Municipal Corporation (RMC) demolished 44 houses in Amanaka, Raipur City, for allegedly encroaching upon government land. According to a news report, the RMC undertook the demolition drive as part of a roadwidening project from Amanaka to the Telghani toll. The project is in collaboration with the Public Works Department to widen the roads and construct flyovers for managing traffic in the city. These antiencroachment drives are most likely to affect the informal workers and the urban poor residing along the roads. Following the demolition, the affected residents claimed that the administration razed their houses with a mere 24 hours notice, which they said was too short a time to collect their belongings. They also accused the administration of not providing them with alternative housing arrangements or compensation and reportedly sat in protest and planned to meet with the local MLA to raise their concerns. The RMC deputy commissioner told the media that the administration conducted the operation under the supervision of a subdivisional officer and zone commissioner. He also informed that the administration had given prior notices to the families to evacuate their homes. The same article also reported that the affected families were shifted to the BUSP building in Sarona. In response, the RMC Zone 7 commissioner clarified that the houses were illegal constructions on government land and the residents were, therefore, ineligible for compensation or resettlement. According to a news report, the administration had made several attempts in the past to demolish these households. At the time when the conflict was reported, there was an ongoing investigation into the demolition. However, since then, there have been no updates on the state of the affected families or their compensation/rehabilitation.
Demand for compensation, Demand for rehabilitation
Opposition to demolition of households on short notice
Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?
Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict
Constitutional Law, Other
Public Premises (Eviction of Unauthorised Occupants) Act, 1971
Section 4 [Requires the Estate Officer to issue a show-cause notice against the proposed eviction]; Section 5 [An order of eviction shall only be made after an opportunity has been given to the unauthorised occupant to show cause after a personal hearing]
Constitution of India, 1950
Article 21 [Right to life is violated due to dispossession of land and residence]
Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute
What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Forced evictions/ Dispossession of Land, Non-rehabilitation of displaced people, Violation of free prior informed consent
Out of Court
Status of Case In Court
Whether any adjudicatory body was approached
Name of the adjudicatory body
Name(s) of the Court(s)
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Whether criminal law was used against protestors
Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?
Reported Details of the Violation:
In February 2017, the Raipur Municipal Corporation demolished 44 houses in Amanaka, Raipur City, for allegedly encroaching upon government land. The affected residents claimed that the administration razed their houses with a mere 24 hours’ notice, which they said was too short a time to collect their belongings.
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Amanaka, Raipur City
Nature of Protest
Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:
Public Works Department, Raipur Municipal Corporation
PSUs Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict: