Slum Dwellers in Gujarat's Surat Stage Protest against Demolition, Forced Eviction

Reported by

Aditi PatilLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

August 5, 2021

Location of Conflict



This is A Schedule Five District

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Waste Management



People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



Starting Year






About 780 hutments allegedly erected illegally on the reserved plot of the Surat Municipal Corporation (SMC) were demolished on December 16, 2017, clearing the 75,000squaremetre area for expanding the capacity of Katargam Water Works. SMC officials claim that the slum dwellers had illegally encroached upon the reserved plot of SMC next to Katargam Water Works. To this end, they also built fences around the area. The settlement was illegally set up on the reserved plot. The slum dwellers were given many notices and they were even asked to take the benefit of the economically weaker sections (EWS) scheme of the municipal corporation. We will start allotting the EWS houses to the slum dwellers," an official said. On December 22, 2017, around 500 slum dwellers held a protest outside the Katargam zonal office of the SMC. These dwellers, mostly belonging to the Devipujak community, wanted immediate biometric survey done of the place from where they were evicted and given alternative accommodation. According to sources, antisocial elements take rent, water and electricity charges from the slum dwellers and help them encroach public places. In 2018, the SMC started building houses for nearly 80,000 slum dwellers from 354 slum pockets of the city in Katargam, Varachha, Dindoli and Vesu as part of its slum clearance drive. We plan to provide housing to the urban poor of the city under schemes for EWS, low income groups and middle income groups," an officer of the Slum Redevelopment Department of the SMC, said. However, it is important to note that only 280 families from Katargam are eligible for resettlement.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for rehabilitation

Region Classification


Type of Land

Type of Common Land

Total investment involved (in Crores):


Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?


When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict


Legislations/Policies Involved

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-rehabilitation of displaced people

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:


Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

About 780 hutments allegedly erected illegally on the reserved plot of the Surat Municipal Corporation were demolished.

Date of Violation

December 16, 2017

Location of Violation


Nature of Protest

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Slum Redevelopment Department, Surat Municipal Corporation

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
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Documented By

Aditi Patil

Reviewed By

Aditi Patil

Updated By

Aditi Patil

Edited By

Aditi PatilLand Conflict Watch

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