Riot-displaced people demand transfer of titles

Reported by

Aditi PatilLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

January 6, 2020

Location of Conflict




Reason or Cause of Conflict

Communal/Ethnic Conflict

Riot-displaced people demand transfer of titles



People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)





Land Use

Gujarat riots in 2002 had resulted in burning houses, looting shops, raping women and killing men, women and children. More than 1,000 people, mostly Muslims, had died in the violence. The riots displaced about 200,000 people in the state, mostly Muslims. Some returned to their homes, while others found new accommodation in mainly Muslim neighbourhoods. Muslim charities resettled about 17,000 people in 83 colonies across Gujarat. There are 17 such colonies are in Anand district followed by 15 in Ahmedabad, 13 in Sabarkantha, 11 in Panchmahals, eight in Mehsana, six in Vadodara, five in Aravalli and four each in Bharuch and Kheda. Many of these colonies lack even the basic amenities, such as internal roads, street lights, schools, sewage lines, drinking water connections and hospitals. In 2008, Gagan Sethi, the founder of the Centre for Social Justice, an NGO based in Ahmedabad that works for the rights of marginalised people, filed a public interest litigation, or PIL, in the Gujarat High Court, seeking the full implementation of the relief package. In its final judgment pronounced on 9 September 2011, the Gujarat High Court dismissed the PIL holding that the state government had disbursed the amount received from the central government. In February 2018, Sankhyak Adhikar Manch, representing those displaced during the 2002 postGodhra riots in Gujarat, claimed that the Gujarat State government in the state hasn't transferred ownership rights of the new houses built for them. In certain cases the owners of the land on which new colonies have come up are reportedly seeking their land back. For these residents getting loans and availing other facilities is a big challenge because they cannot furnish residence proofs. These colonies were built in an emergency since the displaced people did not have any shelter. Under these circumstances, the rules involved in converting agricultural land into the nonagricultural land, in getting the plans approved, etc. were not followed.

Region Classification

Type of Land


Private and Common

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Grazing Land), Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):


Type of investment:

Land Area Affected
(in Hectares):


Starting Year


Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:

Gujarat State Government, Bhartiya Janta Party, Government of India, United Progressive Alliance

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Jan Vikas, Alp-Sankhyak Adhikar Manch, Aantarik Visthapit Hak Rakshak Samiti, Centre for Social Justice

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

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