In Gujarat, 2002 Riots Affected Families Continue to Await Ownership Titles for Houses

Reported by

Aditi Patil

Published on

May 23, 2018

May 23, 2018

Updated on

May 23, 2018

Location of Conflict

Ahmedabad

Sabarkantha, Panchmahals, Mehsana, Vadodara, Aravalli, Bharuch and Kheda.

Ahmedabad

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Communal/Ethnic Conflict

Riot-displaced people demand transfer of titles

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

16087

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

ha

Starting Year

2002

State

Gujarat

Sector

Land Use

In Gujarat, the 2002 riotaffected families continue to reside in relief colonies without legal ownership recognition for the houses where they were rehabilitated.   The 2002 Gujarat riots killed over one thousand people in the violence and displaced about two lakh people, the majority of which belong to the Muslim community. While some of these families returned to their homes after the riots ended, others found new accommodation in mainly Muslim neighbourhoods. According to a 2012 Janvikas NGO survey, the Muslim charities and NGOs resettled 16,087 Internally Displaced People (IDPs) in 83 colonies across Gujarat. It also found that in at least 48 of the 83 colonies, the ownership was still not transferred to the resettled families. Moreover, the majority of the households in these colonies lacked access to basic amenities, primary health care centres and schools.  Reportedly, there are 17 such colonies in Anand district followed by 15 in Ahmedabad, 13 in Sabarkantha, 11 in Panchmahals, eight in Mehsana, six in Vadodara, five in Aravalli and four each in Bharuch and Kheda. However, many of these colonies still lacked amenities, such as internal roads, street lights, schools, sewage lines, drinking water connections and hospitals.  In 2006, released a press note reprimanding the state government for the conditions of the IDPs living in these colonies after following a complaint from two social activists.  Subsequently, in 2007, the affected families collected under the banner of Aantarik Visthapit Hak Rakshak Samiti (AVHRS) to voice their demands, one of which was the regularisation of the rehabilitation colonies.  In 2008, Gagan Sethi of Centre for Social Justice NGO filed a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) in Gujarat High Court to demand the full implementation of the relief package. However, in its final judgment pronounced on September 09, 2011, the Gujarat High Court dismissed the PIL. It held that the state government had disbursed the amount received from the central government.  Since then, the organisations representing the affected families have continued to appeal for accountability and intervention from the state government.  In February 2018, AlpSankhyak Adhikar Manch, representing the displaced claimed, claimed that the Gujarat government still hasn't transferred ownership rights of the houses. They organised a public gathering to voice the concerns of the IDPs. At the event, independent MLA, Jignesh Mevani, called for a march to protest the delay in transferring rights. An Ahmedabadbased advocate and activist told The Wire that the resettled families feared displacement again as they lacked any legal proof of ownership. Reportedly, in some cases, the previous owners of the lands were threatening the residents of these relief colonies to vacate the land. However, the resettled families were helpless as they lacked proper documentation. Moreover, for these residents getting loans and availing of other facilities is a big challenge because they cannot furnish residence proofs, as reported. Meanwhile, though civil society organisations such as Janvikas have continued to support affected families in getting ownership of their house, the government is still inactive. 

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for legal recognition of land rights

Demand for rehabilitation

Complaint against procedural violations

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Urban and Rural

Type of Land

Both

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Grazing Land), Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

106.57

Type of investment:

Investment Made

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Other

Legislations/Policies Involved

Gujarat Prohibition of Transfer of Immovable Property and Provision for Protection of Tenants from Eviction from Premises in Disturbed Areas Act, 1991
Section 13-16 [Amendments made to the Bombay Rents, Hotel and Lodging House Rates Control Act, 1947.]
Bombay Rents, Hotel and Lodging House Rates Control Act, 1947
Section 11A [Where is building is destroyed by mob violence, the landlord has to construct a new building in a time bound manner and the tenant shall have the right to occupy a tenement in the new building.]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-rehabilitation of displaced people

Lack of legal protection over land rights

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Pending

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Gujarat High Court; Supreme Court of India

Case Number

SCA/14664/2008; SLP(C) No. 015284 / 2012

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Displacement

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Reported Details of the Violation:

16,087 persons who were displaced during the 2002 Gujarat Riots are identified as Internally Displaced Persons living in the relief colonies

Date of Violation

February 27, 2002

Location of Violation

Gujarat

Nature of Protest

Advocacy (for inclusion in courts)

Campaigns (grassroots organisations/press releases/media)

Public campaign

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Development of a network or collective

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Gujarat State Government

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Bhartiya Janta Party, United Progressive Alliance

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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