Riot-displaced people demand transfer of titles

Reported by

Aditi PatilLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

January 6, 2020

Location of Conflict



Reason or Cause of Conflict

Communal/Ethnic Conflict

Riot-displaced people demand transfer of titles



People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)


Starting Year





Land Use

Gujarat riots in 2002 had resulted in burning houses, looting shops, raping women and killing men, women and children. More than 1,000 people, mostly Muslims, had died in the violence. The riots displaced about 200,000 people in the state, mostly Muslims. Some returned to their homes, while others found new accommodation in mainly Muslim neighbourhoods. Muslim charities resettled about 17,000 people in 83 colonies across Gujarat. There are 17 such colonies are in Anand district followed by 15 in Ahmedabad, 13 in Sabarkantha, 11 in Panchmahals, eight in Mehsana, six in Vadodara, five in Aravalli and four each in Bharuch and Kheda. Many of these colonies lack even the basic amenities, such as internal roads, street lights, schools, sewage lines, drinking water connections and hospitals. In 2008, Gagan Sethi, the founder of the Centre for Social Justice, an NGO based in Ahmedabad that works for the rights of marginalised people, filed a public interest litigation, or PIL, in the Gujarat High Court, seeking the full implementation of the relief package. In its final judgment pronounced on 9 September 2011, the Gujarat High Court dismissed the PIL holding that the state government had disbursed the amount received from the central government. In February 2018, Sankhyak Adhikar Manch, representing those displaced during the 2002 postGodhra riots in Gujarat, claimed that the Gujarat State government in the state hasn't transferred ownership rights of the new houses built for them. In certain cases the owners of the land on which new colonies have come up are reportedly seeking their land back. For these residents getting loans and availing other facilities is a big challenge because they cannot furnish residence proofs. These colonies were built in an emergency since the displaced people did not have any shelter. Under these circumstances, the rules involved in converting agricultural land into the nonagricultural land, in getting the plans approved, etc. were not followed.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Type of Land


Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Grazing Land), Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):


Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Legislations/Policies Involved

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Legal Status:

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Gujarat State Government, Bhartiya Janta Party, Government of India, United Progressive Alliance

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Jan Vikas, Alp-Sankhyak Adhikar Manch, Aantarik Visthapit Hak Rakshak Samiti, Centre for Social Justice

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:
No Images Available

Documented By

Aditi Patil

Reviewed By

Aditi Patil

Updated By

Aditi Patil

Edited By

Aditi PatilLand Conflict Watch

Support our work

Your contribution ensures continuity of this crucial project.

As a member, you will get exclusive access to special reports, policy papers and research projects undertaken by Land Conflict Watch and behind-the-scenes interactions with the writers and researchers about their work.
Contribute Now