Bodos' Demand for Creation of Bodoland

Reported by

Ashmita BhattacharyaLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

November 22, 2019

Location of Conflict

Kokrajhar, Baksa, Udalguri, Chirang,



Reason or Cause of Conflict

Communal/Ethnic Conflict



People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)





Land Use

Members of the Bodo tribe in Assam have been fighting for the creation of a separate State for the past two decades. The protests turned violent in 2012 and more than 76,000 people have been displaced as a result of the violence. The Bodos have approached the Centre and the Assam State Government for the creation of Bodoland. On May 2, 2018, the All Bodo Students Union (ABSU) organised a 5day National Highway blockade in all the Bodoland areas in the State, urging the Central Government to resolve the issue. The Bodoland Territorial Autonomous Districts (BTAD), an autonomous area for Bodos created in Western Assam under the Sixth Schedule of the Indian Constitution, faces multiple problems of ethnicity, religion and race. Landownership, however, remains to be the main issue. Bodos are one of the most marginalised communities of Assam. They often claim to feel alienated and discriminated against, and have been demanding to separate from Assam and seek the creation of a separate State. In the course of their decadesold movement, land ownership became an important agenda. Bodo extremist groups started targeting nonBodosMuslims, Adivasis, Koch Rajbongshis and others (Assamese Hindu, Bengali Hindus, Nepalis, Biharis)from the early 1990s and drove many of them out. By 2012, more than 115,000 people were displaced from the NorthEast region of India as a result of continuing violence, according to estimates. Out of these 115,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs), more than 76,000 are from Bodoland. In 2012, more than 400,000 people got displaced and over 100 were killed in what is said to be Indias largest displacement since its Independence. A large number of the displaced people have not been able to return to their land. The land left by them is being used by influential Bodos. There have been instances of politicians growing rubber plantations on lands once belonging to primitive tribes.

Region Classification

Type of Land

Private and Common

Type of Common Land

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Starting Year


Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:

State Government

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

National Democratic Front of Bodoland

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

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