Residents Oppose Waste Disposal Plant by Surat Municipal Corporation in Gujarat

Reported by

Aditi PatilLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

June 22, 2021

Location of Conflict



This is A Schedule Five District

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Waste Management

Waste disposal



People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



Starting Year






On September 16, 2018, residents of Olpad tehsil in Surat gathered to protest against a solid waste disposal plant in Bhandut. They claimed that the 50acre land selected for the proposed plant by the Surat Municipal Corporation (SMC) was productive land and that no consultation was held with them on the matter nor were they provided any compensation by the government. People use the land for cattle breeding, farming and milk production. They said if the authorities went ahead with the plan, they would take out a huge rally from Jahangirpura to the SMC office on October 1. Although the rally did not take place, some villagers went and spoke with SMC officials, who did not provide them with any assurance, dismissing the land in question as unproductive due to its salinity content. One of the villagers is quoted as saying, "We talk about smart villages but keep acquiring them in the name of development. The state government has taken away 300 hectares of land from in and around Bhandut for different reasons so far. How can the villagers do cattle breeding, milk production and farming if a waste disposal plant is set up here?" Earlier in 2018, the National Green Tribunal's Pune bench had asked the SMC to shift its solid waste disposal plant from Khajod village within 18 months, as the Khajod dumping site had turned into a major source of pollution, affecting around five lakh people. Subsequently, the SMC had identified three plots of land in Bhandut and Mandroi in Olpad tehsil and in Wankinada in Surat to shift its solid waste disposal site. In 2019, a BJP member of the SMC's standing committee stated that they have finalised a plot but cannot disclose the location just yet. As of January 2020, the Khajod dumping site remains functional.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Refusal to give up land for the project, Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources, Demand for compensation

Region Classification

Urban and Rural

Type of Land


Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Grazing Land), Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Other, Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

  1. Solid Waste Management Rules 2016

    Schedule I (A): [Criteria to select a land site for waste management, including minimum distance from rivers, ponds, highways, parks etc.]

  2. Gujarat Town Planning and Urban Development Act, 1976

    Section 9: [Drawing up of a development plan by the authority to develop an area]; Section 26: Restriction on development of an area after the development plan has been published]

  3. Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996

    Section 3: [Extension of part IX of the Constitution to Scheduled Areas]

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?


Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Lack of legal protection over land rights, Violation of free prior informed consent, Non-implementation/violation of the PESA, Non-payment of promised compensation

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached


Name of the adjudicatory body

National Green Tribunal

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest


Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Surat Municipal Corporation

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?


Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Abellon Clean Energy Limited

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?


Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:
No Images Available

Documented By

Aditi Patil

Reviewed By

Aditi Patil

Updated By

Aditi Patil

Edited By

Aditi PatilLand Conflict Watch

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