On September 16, 2018, residents of Olpad tehsil in Surat gathered to protest against a solid waste disposal plant in Bhandut. They claimed that the 50acre land selected for the proposed plant by the Surat Municipal Corporation (SMC) was productive land and that no consultation was held with them on the matter nor were they provided any compensation by the government. People use the land for cattle breeding, farming and milk production. They said if the authorities went ahead with the plan, they would take out a huge rally from Jahangirpura to the SMC office on October 1. Although the rally did not take place, some villagers went and spoke with SMC officials, who did not provide them with any assurance, dismissing the land in question as unproductive due to its salinity content. One of the villagers is quoted as saying, "We talk about smart villages but keep acquiring them in the name of development. The state government has taken away 300 hectares of land from in and around Bhandut for different reasons so far. How can the villagers do cattle breeding, milk production and farming if a waste disposal plant is set up here?" Earlier in 2018, the National Green Tribunal's Pune bench had asked the SMC to shift its solid waste disposal plant from Khajod village within 18 months, as the Khajod dumping site had turned into a major source of pollution, affecting around five lakh people. Subsequently, the SMC had identified three plots of land in Bhandut and Mandroi in Olpad tehsil and in Wankinada in Surat to shift its solid waste disposal site. In 2019, a BJP member of the SMC's standing committee stated that they have finalised a plot but cannot disclose the location just yet. As of January 2020, the Khajod dumping site remains functional.
Refusal to give up land for the project, Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources, Demand for compensation
Urban and Rural
Non-Forest (Grazing Land), Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?
Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict
Other, Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws
Solid Waste Management Rules 2016
Schedule I (A): [Criteria to select a land site for waste management, including minimum distance from rivers, ponds, highways, parks etc.]
Gujarat Town Planning and Urban Development Act, 1976
Section 9: [Drawing up of a development plan by the authority to develop an area]; Section 26: Restriction on development of an area after the development plan has been published]
Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996
Section 3: [Extension of part IX of the Constitution to Scheduled Areas]
Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute
What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Lack of legal protection over land rights, Violation of free prior informed consent, Non-implementation/violation of the PESA, Non-payment of promised compensation
Out of Court
Status of Case In Court
Whether any adjudicatory body was approached
Name of the adjudicatory body
National Green Tribunal
Name(s) of the Court(s)
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Whether criminal law was used against protestors
Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?
Reported Details of the Violation:
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Nature of Protest
Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:
Surat Municipal Corporation
PSUs Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Abellon Clean Energy Limited
Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict: