Municipal Corporation Demolishes Slum, Evicts Residents for Smart City Project in Bhopal

Reported by

Arpit Deshmukh

Published on

May 4, 2017

May 4, 2017

Updated on

May 4, 2017

Location of Conflict

Depot Basti

Hasnat Nagar, Ahata Rustam Khan

Bhopal

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Roads

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

552

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

40

ha

Starting Year

2016

State

Madhya Pradesh

Sector

Infrastructure

As part of the Smart City project, the Bhopal Municipal Corporation (BMC) in 2016 conceived of a smart road project connecting Depot Square and Polytechnic Square in Bhopal City. The project involves a sixlane road with facilities such as cycle tracks, sensor poles, street lighting, underground water supply and wifi zone. The project aims to widen the road by 20 metres over a stretch of two kilometres, affecting 115 households. The land undergoing construction is disputed between the BMC and the residents of Ahata Rustam Khan, Hasanat Nagar and Pratap Nagar. The residents in other localities claim that the project does not involve a proper rehabilitation plan. The road widening work began in 2016. In 2017, more than 30 families living in Depot Basti, a slum, were moved into a cluster of tin sheds. As the quarters came down, they lost employment that was convenient from their earlier homes. Two hundred other families from Banganga slums bordering the smart road lost their homes and were placed in transit homes. The families resented the move and claimed lack of information given to them about the transit homes. In March 2017, the residents halted the demolition drive amidst stiff opposition. The residents of the Ahata Rustam Khan locality staged a protest blocking roads over the inauguration of the road project by Chief Minister Shivraj Si Chauhan in Bhopal. As of December 2019, over 100 families were rehabilitated to a transit camp in Jawahar Chowk area. Another 500 families were served eviction notices in December 2019, of which 80 per cent were evicted. A petitioner had approached the Madhya Pradesh high court stating that the road was built illegally by razing houses. The court ordered in 2020 that the affected people should be provided alternative housing.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for rehabilitation

Refusal to give up land for the project

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Urban

Type of Land

Both

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

28

Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws, Constitutional Law, Case Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
Section 3(C)(ii) [defines affected family but the court and state refuse to see them as affected because they do not own the land]; Section 38 [This section states the procedure for giving compensation and R&R to affected family]; Section 27 [Amount of compensation is determined under this section]; Section 77 [Compensation is to be paid under this section]; Section 80 [Under this section, when compensation is not paid or if there is delay, interest becomes payable]; Second Schedule, Paragraphs 1, 4, 5, 6, 10 and 11 [Displaced families are entitled to either housing units or compensation, affected families are entitled to jobs, displaced families are entitled to a subsistence grant, transportation costs, a one-time resettlement allowance, and any stamp duty or registration charges for the new housing units are to be borne by the entity responsible for the displacement]
Madhya Pradesh Nagar Tatha Gram Nivesh Adhiniyam, 1973
Section 25 [The use and development of the plan should conform to the development plan of the city]
Constitution of India, 1950
Article 21 [Right to life violated due to dispossession of land and residence]; Article 300 (A) [violation of Right to Property]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-rehabilitation of displaced people

Forced evictions/dispossession of land

Non-implementation/violation of LARR Act

Land record discrepancies

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Disposed

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

No

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

High Court of Madhya Pradesh

Case Number

W. P. No. 8830/2017

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Advocacy (for inclusion in courts)

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

M.P. Government

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Bhopal Smart City Development Corporation

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Bhopal Smart City Development Corporation

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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