Khedut Samaj Gujarat (KSG), Paryavaran Suraksha Samiti and the Brackish Water Research had challenged the environmental clearance given to Hindustan Chemical Company Limited (HCCL) in the National Green Tribunal (NGT) on January 22, 2016. The argued in their petition that the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) granted clearance without considering the expert appraisal committee (EAC) recommendation on the outcome of public consultation and public hearing held on November 14, 2014. The clearance was granted on July 23, 2017. In January 2018, the NGT's western bench set aside the clearance for expansion of HCCL's manufacturing unit for production of sodium cyanide and mandalo nitride. According to the petitioners, the manufacturing unit was not located in the notified industrial area of the Gujarat Industrial Development Corporation in Olpaad but on government land. The locals have claimed that the effluent released by the company was causing severe land and water pollution in nearby villages. The counsel appearing on behalf of the petitioners submitted that the clearance be set aside and the case be sent back to the appraisal committee to consider the public concerns expressed during the public hearing. The NGT directed the EAC to consider the outcome of public consultation along with suggestions, objections and documents raised by the other stakeholders. In March 2019, residents and farmers from over 50 villages sat on _dharna _outside the HCCL office. They were infuriated after three tankers were caught dumping hazardous chemical at Ummala village. They filed an FIR but neither the police nor the Gujarat Pollution Control Board took any serious action. Farmer leader Drashan Naik said, "Despite the NGT order setting aside the environmetal clearance, the HCCL is still manufacturing poisonous cyanide and cyanidebased products."
Opposition against environmental degradation, Complaint against procedural violations
Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?
Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict
Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute
What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Violation of environmental laws
Status of Case In Court
Whether any adjudicatory body was approached
Name of the adjudicatory body
Name(s) of the Court(s)
Appeal No. 17 of 2016
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Whether criminal law was used against protestors
Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?
Reported Details of the Violation:
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Nature of Protest
Hunger strikes, Campaigns (Grassroots organisations/press releases/media)
Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:
Gujarat Industrial Development Corporation, Gujarat Pollution Control Board
PSUs Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Hindustan Chemical Company Limited
Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Khedut Samaj Gujarat, Paryavaran Suraksha Samiti, Brackish Water Research