Hindustan Chemical Company in Gujarat Continues to Manufacture Cyanide despite NGT Order

Reported by

Aditi PatilLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

August 5, 2021

Location of Conflict



This is A Schedule Five District

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Other Kind of Industry



People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



Starting Year






Khedut Samaj Gujarat (KSG), Paryavaran Suraksha Samiti and the Brackish Water Research had challenged the environmental clearance given to Hindustan Chemical Company Limited (HCCL) in the National Green Tribunal (NGT) on January 22, 2016. The argued in their petition that the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) granted clearance without considering the expert appraisal committee (EAC) recommendation on the outcome of public consultation and public hearing held on November 14, 2014. The clearance was granted on July 23, 2017. In January 2018, the NGT's western bench set aside the clearance for expansion of HCCL's manufacturing unit for production of sodium cyanide and mandalo nitride. According to the petitioners, the manufacturing unit was not located in the notified industrial area of the Gujarat Industrial Development Corporation in Olpaad but on government land. The locals have claimed that the effluent released by the company was causing severe land and water pollution in nearby villages. The counsel appearing on behalf of the petitioners submitted that the clearance be set aside and the case be sent back to the appraisal committee to consider the public concerns expressed during the public hearing. The NGT directed the EAC to consider the outcome of public consultation along with suggestions, objections and documents raised by the other stakeholders. In March 2019, residents and farmers from over 50 villages sat on _dharna _outside the HCCL office. They were infuriated after three tankers were caught dumping hazardous chemical at Ummala village. They filed an FIR but neither the police nor the Gujarat Pollution Control Board took any serious action. Farmer leader Drashan Naik said, "Despite the NGT order setting aside the environmetal clearance, the HCCL is still manufacturing poisonous cyanide and cyanidebased products."

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Opposition against environmental degradation, Complaint against procedural violations

Region Classification


Type of Land


Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):


Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?


When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Environmental Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Violation of environmental laws

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Appeal No. 17 of 2016

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Hunger strikes, Campaigns (Grassroots organisations/press releases/media)

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Gujarat Industrial Development Corporation, Gujarat Pollution Control Board

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Hindustan Chemical Company Limited

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Khedut Samaj Gujarat, Paryavaran Suraksha Samiti, Brackish Water Research

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:
No Images Available

Documented By

Aditi Patil

Reviewed By

Aditi Patil

Updated By

Aditi Patil

Edited By

Aditi PatilLand Conflict Watch

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