NGT sets aside Environmental Clearance to manufacturing unit near Surat

Reported by

Aditi PatilLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

January 6, 2020

Location of Conflict




This is A Schedule Five District

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Other Kind of Industry



People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)







The Khedut Samaj Gujarat (KSG), Paryavaran Suraksha Samiti and the Brackish Water Research had challenged the Environmental Clearance (EC) given to Hindustan Chemical Company (HCC) in the National Green Tribunal (NGT) on January 22, 2016. Their petition argued that EC was granted to the company by Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change (MoEF&CC) without considering the expert appraisal committee (EAC) recommendation on the outcome of public consultation and public hearing held on November 14, 2014. The NGTs western Bench has set aside this EC for expansion of its manufacturing unit for production of sodium cyanide and mandalo nitride. According to the petitioners, the manufacturing unit was not located in the notified industrial area of Gujarat Industrial Development Corporation (GIDC) Olpaad but on Government land. The locals claimed that the effluent released by the company was causing severe land and water pollution in nearby villages.

Region Classification

Type of Land


Private and Common

Type of Common Land

Total investment involved (in Crores):


Type of investment:

Land Area Affected
(in Hectares):



Starting Year


Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:

Gujarat Industrial Development Corporation, Gujarat Pollution Control Board

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Khedut Samaj Gujarat, Paryavaran Suraksha Samiti, Brackish Water Research

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Hindustan Chemical Company

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Resources Related to Conflict

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