Mosarbaer Violates FRA, LARR, PESA Acts in Thermal Plant Project in MP

Reported by

Gourav Jaiswal

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

September 14, 2016

September 14, 2016

Updated on

September 14, 2016

Location of Conflict

Laharpur Murra

Guwari, Belia and Jethari villages

Anuppur

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Thermal Power Plant

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

1584

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

403

ha

Starting Year

2011

State

Madhya Pradesh

Sector

Power

Hindustan Powerprojects, formerly known as Moserbaer, proposed the Moserbaer Thermal Power Project of 2,520-megawatt in Laharpur Murra, Guwari, Belia and Jethari villages in Anuppur district. While about 36 per cent of the population in these villages is tribal, some 10 per cent of the total land is forestland, which requires forest clearance for any kind of diversion. About 37,875 hectares of forestland were acquired for the thermal plant, but there was no disclosure of it either in the public hearing or in the Environmental Impact Assessment reports for receiving environmental clearance. On June 4, 2010, the chief conservator of forests in Bhopal gave Moserbaer a list of environmental demands, based on which a provisional agreement to utilise the 37,875 hectares of forestland had been given. But Moserbaer did not fulfil any of the stipulated demands. According to the village residents, village-level meetings were not organised to discuss rehabilitation and compensation. They also complain that the land was grabbed from them and sold at throwaway prices. While many have not been compensated, the rate being offered is as low as INR 16 per square metre. A letter written by the Bharatiya Kisan Union to Chief Minister Shivraj Chauhan in 2012 alleged discrepancies in the acquisition process. The land acquisition process requires clearances under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986, and the Forest Rights Act, 2006, which were not followed. There have also been irregularities in the granting of environmental clearance and non-compliance of the provisions under the Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996. The villagers demanded that land should be acquired under the Land Acquisition Act of 2013 once it became operational (at that time, national deliberations about the Act were ongoing). When the villagers protested, the police pressed criminal charges against them. Their main contention is that Anuppur is a water-scarce region, so a thermal power plant of this magnitude would make things difficult for them by affecting their livelihood. In 2018, the plant was declared commercially operational. According to the Environment Impact Assessment report, 290 families would be displaced by the project, but they are yet to get rehabilitation and resettlement. In 2014, petitioner Bindu Rathore challenged the acquisition of land using the 1894 law and demanded enhanced compensation in the Anuppur district court. The lower court issued a decree to Moserbear to pay enhanced compensation. A case related to the payment of compensation is pending before the High Court. When LCW spoke to Rajkumar Sinha from the National Alliance of People's Movement on October 11, 2019, he said the struggle has lately become inactive due to the government's disinterest in hearing the demands of the affected people. Santosh Agarwal, state president of the Bharatiya Kisan Union, told LCW on July 18, 2020, that Anuppur district is primarily a Schedule V district comprising mainly Adivasis. None of the governments promises related to jobs and rehabilitation have been fulfilled. They (villagers) reside very close to the thermal plant in whatever land they have left. The struggle has now become inactive after years of police clampdown and suppression. _Kisan poora toot chuka hai _(farmers are broken).

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for promised compensation

Demand for rehabilitation

Complaint against procedural violations

Demand for more compensation than promised

Opposition against environmental degradation

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Both

Type of Common Land

Forest and Non-Forest, Non-Forest (Grazing Land), Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

6241

Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-implementation/violation of FRA

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

National Green Tribunal, High Court of Madhya Pradesh

Case Number

Appeal No. 18 of 2011, F.A.No.818 of 2016 and 836 of 2016 (connected case)

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Arrest/detention/imprisonment

Judicial harassment

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

The police fired on protesters; 27 people were seriously injured and one person died. Several protesters were also detained. The police also filed criminal charges against the protesters.

Date of Violation

May 5, 2012

Location of Violation

Jaithari, Anuppur

Nature of Protest

Campaigns (grassroots organisations/press releases/media)

Involvement of national and international NGOs

Protests/marches

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Madhya Pradesh Forest Department

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Hindustan Power Projects Private Limited (HPPPCL)

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

NAPM, Bhartiya Kisan Union

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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