Surat Municipal Corporation Shuts Down Khajod Dumping Site in Gujarat on NGT orders

Reported by

Aditi Patil

Published on

March 7, 2018

March 7, 2018

Updated on

March 7, 2018

Location of Conflict

Surat

Surat

This is A Schedule Five District

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Waste Management

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

500000

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

188

ha

Starting Year

2013

State

Gujarat

Sector

Infrastructure

Surat ranked fourth in the country in the annual survey of the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs that ranks cities on the basis of cleanliness and sanitation, published in May 2017.  In 2013, the Surat Municipal Corporation (SMC) issued a notice that allowed Nagarpalikas of south Gujarat to dump their waste and garbage at a location in Khajod village. The SMC had been dumping its solid waste at Khajod without segregation for the past 18 years. People of 35 villages located near the site had demanded the closure of the facility due to concerns over pollution. MSH Sheikh, an environmental expert, who has been campaigning against the dumping site's location, went to the National Green Tribunal (NGT) along with Parivartan Trust, a nonprofit in the state. The residents of nearby villages expressed concern that the foul smell from the garbage dump would create health problems. The pollution caused by repeated fires at the site resulted in heavy air pollution within a 10kilometre radius, causing health issues in Khajod, Budiya, Gabeni, Dipli, Jiyav and Bhimrad villages. Kalim Siddique from Insaf Foundation stated, "The death rate among the residents of the area is much higher. Women complain of premature abortion. Water pollution has led to higher incidence of kidney failure, acute asthma cases and heart failure. In May 2017, the NGT directed the SMC authorities to close the Khajod open dumping site within 18 months and commence closure work within a month. In June 2017, the SMC identified three plots of land at Bhandup and Mandroi in Olpad tehsil and in Wankinada near PalsanaKadodara in Surat district to shift its solid waste disposal site from Khajod. In February 2020, the SMC cleared out the 25 lakh tonne solid waste accumulated at the dumping site in Khajod and shut it down permanently. Presently, 30 acres of the site have been converted into lush green lawns, and Surat Diamond Bourse, a nonprofit, is coming up on another 35 acres.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Opposition against environmental degradation

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Urban

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

52

Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

Yes

When did it end?

February 2020

Why did the conflict end?

Community’s original demands were met

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Environmental Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

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Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Violation of environmental laws

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

OA No. 81 of 2014, MA No. 98 of 2018

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Surat Municipal Corporation, State Pollution Control Board

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Parivartan Trust, Insaf Foundation

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

Image Credit:  

Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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