NGT Orders closure of dumping site after long fight by Surat's villagers

Reported by

Aditi PatilLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

January 6, 2020

Location of Conflict




This is A Schedule Five District

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Waste Management



People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)







The annual survey of the Ministry of Urban Development that ranks cities on the basis of cleanliness and sanitation, published its results in May 2017. Surat was ranked fourth in the country. In 2013, Surat Municipal Corporation issued a notice that allowed Nagarpalikas of south Gujarat to dump their waste and garbage at a location in Khajod village. People of 35 villages located near the site had demanded the closure of the facility at Khajod. MSH Sheikh, an environment expert, who had also been campaigning against the sites existence for the last several years went to the NGT against the polluting site along with Parivartan Trust, an NGO operating in Gujarat.Residents of nearby villages were afraid that foul smell would create health problems for a lot of people living in its vicinity. SMC had been dumping its solid waste without segregation at Khajod site for the past 18 years. The pollution caused by repeated fires in the waste spread heavy air pollution in 10 km radius, causing health issues in Khajod, Budiya, Gabeni, Dipli, Jiyav and Bhimrad villages.Finally in 2017, on NGTs orders, the SMC identified three plots of land at Bhandup and Mandroi in Olpad taluka and Wankinada near PalsanaKadodara in Surat district to shift its solid waste disposal site from Khajod. Work towards closing down the Khajod site is yet to begin.

Region Classification


Type of Land


Private and Common

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):


Type of investment:

Land Area Affected
(in Hectares):



Starting Year


Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:

Surat Municipal Corporation , National Green Tribunal, State Pollution Control Board

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Parivartan Trust

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
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  • Links Related to the Conflict:

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