36 Villages in Bihar Demand Revised Compensation for NH-77 Highway

Reported by

Alok

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

September 5, 2016

September 5, 2016

Updated on

September 5, 2016

Location of Conflict

Sakri, Madhol, Kafen, Balia, Vishunpur and Turki villages

Muzaffarpur

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Roads

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

2000

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

50

ha

Starting Year

2011

State

Bihar

Sector

Infrastructure

Residents of 36 villages, whose land was earmarked by the state government for four laning of the PatnaHajipurMuzaffarpur section of National Highway77, have refused to sell their land at the offered rate of compensation, demanding a better package. In 2011, farmers belonging to Sakri, Madhol, Kafen, Balia, Vishunpur and Turki villages, adjacent to NH77, agitated to receive compensation at the rate for commercial land under the banner of Kisan Sangharsh Morcha, temporarily halting the construction work at the site.
In 2016, there was a row over 123 hectares of land for the land acquisition process. Residents of the affected villages claim that officials and middlemen misled them about the category of land. According to them, even though their land was procured under the agricultural category, they calculated compensation for the land according to the residential and commercial category, which is notably higher than the amount paid for agricultural land. Tirhut Divisional Commissioner Atul Prasad constituted a sixmember committee to resolve the issue. Muzaffarpur Land Procurement Officer A.K. Thakur remarked that the compensation would be decided once the committee submits its report. In 2018, in an attempt to speed up the project, State Road Construction Minister Nand Kishore Yadav held a meeting with the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) officials and landholders from the 36 villages. He placed before them a new proposal for compensation which would pay two and a half times the amount of Minimum Value Register (MVR) for 26 villages and four times the MVR for the remaining 10, along with interest. However, neither the landholders nor the NHAI fully agreed to the proposal, with the latter refusing to approve the funds until a statelevel committee on objections was constituted by the principal secretary, Department of Road Construction.
A news report in 2019 noted that after negotiations between the farmers and Yadav, the compensation amount was fixed along with interest rates of nine per cent, 15 per cent and 20 per cent and was to be notified as such. However, the residents of Madhubani village were irked by this as they had not agreed to the compensation amount at the meeting with NHAI officials. In 2021, noting the inordinate delays in land acquisition for major road projects in Bihar, the Patna high court ordered that all the national highways in the state should be monitored to ensure they have passed all necessary orders. The NHAI, meanwhile, sanctioned ₹11,327.45 crore as payment for land acquisition for various road projects in Bihar.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for more compensation than promised

Complaint against procedural violations

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Private

Type of Common Land

Total investment involved (in Crores):

672

Type of investment:

Revised Investment

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Land Acquisition Act, 1894
Section 23 [Matters to be considered while determining compensation includes market value, compensation for damage and for change of residence/business]; Section 30 [Collector may refer any dispute on compensation to court]
National Highways Act, 1956
Section 3A [Union governemnt can declare intent to acquire land for public purpose necessary for the construction or maintenance of a national highway]; Section 3G [Determination of the amount payable as compensation, accounting for the market value of the land and the damage done]
Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
Section 24(1) [When an award under Section 11 has already been given, then the provisions of the 1894 Act would apply]
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Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

No items found.

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Pending

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

High Court of Bihar at Patna

Case Number

Civil Writ Jurisdiction Case No.8900 of 2020, Civil Writ Jurisdiction Case No.10640 of 2013

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Development of a network or collective

Refusal of compensation

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

National Highways Authority of India (NHAI)

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

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