Andhra Pradesh Government Denies Compensation to Farmers Affected by Mallavalli Food Park

Reported by

Rahul Maganti

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

October 21, 2016

October 21, 2016

Updated on

October 21, 2016

Location of Conflict

Mallavalli

Krishna

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Food Processing

Food park

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

490

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

186

ha

Starting Year

2016

State

Andhra Pradesh

Sector

Industry

The Andhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Corporation (APIIC)) has proposed to set up a Mega Food Park in Mallavalli Village in Krishna District at a cost of INR 125.25 crore. The Food Park was approved by the Ministry of Food Processing Industries, Government of India, under its Mega Food Park Scheme on December 12, 2015. The Centre** has approved a grant of INR 50 crore for this project. Initially, the project was proposed to be located in Thotapalli village in Agiripalli mandal and for this purpose, land up to 460 acres were to be transferred in favour of the APIIC in January 2016 at INR 6 lakhs per acre. However, industrialists found the area unsuitable for the food park due to its high altitude and unfavourable terrain. The project was then relocated to Mallavalli village. In Mallavalli, the district collector requested farmers to transfer land up to 1406.06 acres. In a government order (GO) dated October 25, 2016, it is noted that out of the 1406.06 acres, 1306.06 acres is under encroachment of sivai jamadars. Under the Andhra Pradesh Land Allotment Policy, 2011, _sivai jamadars _have been cultivating the land for a long period and whose land ownership is confirmed in the state government records, especially in the Adangal accounts (villagelevel revenue records). They demand that as legal owners of land, they should be entitled to compensation. As per the GO, the survey identified 490 such _jamadars _on 716.44 acres. Farmers in Mallavalli village have stated that the revenue department is not following the specified guidelines of the GO, which directed that compensation should be paid to all the people whose lands were taken, irrespective of their tenure of occupation of the land. "The revenue department has restricted the limit to three acres of land for paying compensation to a farmer. Those who own more than three acres were denied compensation for the surplus land. The list of identified beneficiaries prepared by the government authority included names of those who were not eligible for compensation, **according to a farmer in the village. Nearly 250 farmers were denied compensation and lost their land which they had owned for at least 3040 years," the farmer said. In 2017, APIIC Junior Engineer K. Sriranganath said the government has acquired 1,260 acres of land in Mallavalli for establishing industries. The Mega Food Park will be established on 100 acres of land for which work has already begun, and the remaining land will be used to set up other industries, he said. As for protests, he stated that work has been going on in the 100 acres demarcated for the park without any obstacles. In October 2019, the APIIC invited tenders for the food park. Land Conflict Watch tried to get in touch with the vice chairman of the APIIC and the zonal manager of Vijaywada area of the APIIC on April 10, 2020, to ask whether compensation has been paid or not. Neither of them responded.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for more compensation than promised

Demand for compensation

Demand for legal recognition of land rights

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Payment of compensation

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

184.88

Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws, Central/State Government Policy

Legislations/Policies Involved

Andhra Pradesh Land Allotment Policy, 2011
Para 3 (a) [Government land shall be allotted only for public purposes]; Para 3 (b) (ii) [The allotment/ alienation shall be on market value]; Para 3 (b) (iv) [Compensation to the assignees who relinquish their D-Form patta land and whose land is resumed for public purpose shall be paid exgratia]; Para 3 (b) (v) [For sivai jamedars without D-Form Patta and whose possession is confirmed may be paid exgratia without solatium and the amount will vary as per the no. of years of occupation]
Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
Section 41(9) [Alienation of land to be deemed null and void due to disregard of regulations]; Section 25 [Collector to make award within 12 months after publication of declaration]; Section 105(3) [Determination of compensation, rehabilitation and resettlement as per schedules]; Section 26 [This section lays down the criteria to be adopted by collector while assessing and determining the market value of land]; Section 69(2) [Authority to provide in addition to the compensation an award amount calculated at the rate of 12% per annum on the market value of the land]; Section 30(3) [ Award amount calculated at the rate of 12% per annum on the market value of the land, in addition to the market value]; Section 108 (1) [Option to affected families to avail better compensation and rehabilitation and resettlement where a State law or a policy framed by the Government of a State provides for a higher compensation]
Andhra Pradesh Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Rules, 2014
Rule 28 [This rule stipulates the method of calculation of compensation considering various factors]; Rule 28-A [Procedure for payment of a higher compensation than permitted under the LARR, 2013]
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  7. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

Yes

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

The Government issue G.O.Ms.No.262, Revenue (LA) Department, dated 13.07.2015 provides for payment of higher compensation than provided under Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013.

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Forced evictions/dispossession of land

Non-payment of compensation/promised compensation

Incorrect estimation of compensation

Delay in compensation

Lack of legal protection over land rights

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Disposed

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Yes

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

High Court of Andhra Pradesh

Case Number

W.P. No.15010 of 2019

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Displacement

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Campaigns (grassroots organisations/press releases/media)

Protests/marches

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Government of Andhra Pradesh

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Andhra Pradesh Chambers of Commerce and Industry, Andhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Cooperation

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Andhra Pradesh Chambers of Commerce and Industry (APCCIF) , Andhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Cooperation (APIIC)

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Communist Party of India (Marxist)

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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