Maharashtra Farmers Demand MIDC to Return 15% Developed Land Acquired for SEZ

Reported by

Vaibhav Walunj

Legal Data by

Bhavesh Seth, Mukta Joshi

Edited by

Moushumi Sharma

Updated by

Published on

February 7, 2022

February 7, 2022

Updated on

February 7, 2022

Location of Conflict

Gosasi

Nimgaon village

Pune

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Other Kind of Industry

Multipurpose industrial park

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

990

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

1705

ha

Starting Year

2010

State

Maharashtra

Sector

Industry

In Gosasi and Nimgaon villages in Rajgurunagar tehsil, 60 kilometres from Pune city, about 990 farmer families have been protesting since 2005 against land acquisition by the Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC) for building an industrial park. Over the years, the families have held massive agitations and protest marches, led by social activists and political leaders. In recent months, the agitation has gained momentum with the declaration of a new project in the disputed area.
Baba Kalyani, a tycoon based in Pune, had acquired 1,705 hectares of land from the farmers of the two villages in the name of Kalyani Group to build a special economic zone (SEZ). When the farmers protested, the Kalyani Group agreed to give back 15 per cent of the acquired land once it was developed. The farmers allege that Kalyani Group has failed to keep its end of the bargain.
Farmer Devidas Raudhal told LCW, "The land was acquired in phases. In the first phase, the land was bought in the name of Khed Economic Infrastructure Private Limited (KEIPL). As the land was developed and the production of goods started, the farmers began to demand back 15 per cent of the land as promised. KEIPL stated that it had already returned the promised land to the farmers. But in reality, the land was allocated to another entity, Khed Developers Limited."
Gosasi village sarpanch Kisan Gorade informed LCW that the farmers who had actually given up their land had no clue about this transfer and were tricked into believing that KEIPL had delivered on its promise. The case is now being heard in the Bombay high court.
In June 2021, Amit Kalyani, a new-generation tycoon of the family, announced that he planned to purchase 175 acres of land in the KHED industrial park with MIDC for a ‘defense products factory’. According to the SEZ Policy, MIDC will acquire land for the industrial park and transfer it to private players for development. This way, MIDC will remain the buyer of land while the private companies will become the owners._ _The farmers have termed this outrageous as the Kalyani Group is yet to deliver on its previous promise of returning 15 per cent of the developed land.
The SEZ is now functional, with many MNCs, including Thyssen Krupp, developing their manufacturing units on the land. As more projects come up, Kalyani Group is likely to acquire more land to expand the SEZ. But the farmers in the surrounding villages have refused to part with their land for any future projects.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand to get back acquired land

Refusal to give up land for the project

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Private

Type of Common Land

Total investment involved (in Crores):

3274.31

Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

2021

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Legislations/Policies Involved

Maharashtra Industrial Development Act, 1961
Section 32(1) [The state government may acquire any land by publishing a notification in the official gazette if it requires the land for development purposes] Section 32(2) [Prior to any such notification, the state government must call for persons interested in the land to show cause as to why the land should not be acquired] Section 32(2) proviso [The state government must consult the Gram Sabha and the concerned Panchayat before acquiring any land that falls within a Scheduled Area] Section 33 [Determination of compensation payable for acquisition under Section 32] Section 33 proviso [The state government must adhere to provisions governing compensation under the 2013 Land Acquisition Act]
Provisions of the Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996
Section 4(i) [Consultation with Gram Sabha is mandatory before undertaking any land acquisition or development project]
Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
Section 3 [Empowers state governments to set up Special Economic Zones]
Special Economic Zones Act, 2005
Section 3 [Empowers state governments to set up Special Economic Zones]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

No

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Controversial land acquisition by the government

Violation of free prior informed consent

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Pending

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

No

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

High Court of Bombay

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

No

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Protests/marches

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Khed Economic Infrastructure Private Limited, Khed Developers Limited

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Farmers, Swabhimani Shetkari Sanghatana

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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