In January 2013, around 3,000 villagers, including fishermen, salt pan workers and farmers from about 10 villages surrounding Mundra, held a 50 km rally from Bhadreshwar to the district headquarters in Bhuj protesting against the power projects of the Tata Group, the Adani group, and OPG Power, besides the Mundra Port and Special Economic Zone (MPSEZ). Earlier in 2008, the fishing community of Kutch, in a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) filed in the Supreme Court of India, pointed out the violations at the Mundra Port. In April 2009, more than 5,000 fishermen across the Kutch region threatened to boycott the Lok Sabha polls (parliamentary elections).
The protestors say OPG Power and the Adani groups Kutch Power Generation Ltd have severely curtailed their access to the sea, besides destroying their fish yield, as a consequence of outlet channels from the plant sites. The state government allotted 14,305 acres of land in Kutch to Adani Group at prices ranging from Rs 1 to Rs 32 per sq mt. MPSEZL by Adani group is under debate since then for violating environmental regulations. The SEZ has violated Coastal Regulation Zone Act 1991 and Forest Conservation Act 1980. The environmental costs incurred by this SEZ2 are deforestation of mangrove forests and other trees, loss of migratory birds, deterioration in creeks and scrubs. Gujarat Forest Department report claims that around 340 sq. km. of mangroves are in danger.
In 2012, a committee, headed by environmentalist Sunita Narain concluded that Adani Group had violated several green regulations and caused largescale damage to the environment. It recommended that the company should be made to pay either Rs 200 crore or 1% of the project cost, whichever is higher, to set up an Environment Restoration Fund, which would go towards repairing the damage to the ecosystem. In 2015, the MoEF&CC claims that the penalty is illegal and violations would be dealt with later.
In 2018 now, the Mundra SEZ stands on land that houses 5,79,000 trees and more than 23 species of migratory birds like Herons, Egrets and Painted Storks. The affected villages due to Mundra SEZ are Jarpara, Navinal and Dhrub. Jarpara and Navinal banders are closed now due to Mundra SEZ activity and fisherfolk of these banders are displaced to other locations. The farmers of Dhrub village lost their agricultural lands due to SEZ operations. Compensation provided by Adani Group was reportedly meagre as compared to actual land price. Fishermen have been worst affected as they have been displaced without any compensation. They stay in bandars for fishing for 89 months of a year and Government of Gujarat doesnt record of their residence.
Type of Land
Private and Common
Type of Common Land
Non-Forest (Grazing Land), Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)
Total investment involved (in Crores):
Type of investment:
Land Area Affected