Belagavi Shetkari Sanghatan (an association of farmers) in Halaga village are firm on their decision to not give up their fertile land for a Special Treatment Plant (STP) proposed in their village in Belagavi district. Some farmers have even threatened to commit suicide if the project went ahead as planned. They have also submitted a memorandum to the Prime Minister's Office (PMO), the district administration and the Karnataka Urban Water Supply and Drainage Board (KUWSDB) stating the same. In April 2018, the KUWSDB called a meeting of Municipal Administration Minister Ramesh Jarkiholi with the farmers to convince them to give up their agricultural land, but they refused. The STP was first proposed on a plot of governmentowned barren land in Alarwad village by the Belagavi City Corporation (BCC) in 1985 to treat sewage water generated in Belagavi city. The state government sanctioned funds worth INR 10 crore the same year, and work on the plant began soon after. The BCC even completed the laying of underground drainage lines. But the Pollution Control Board objected, stating that the plant was too close to residential areas and public places. The BCC then decided to shift the plant to Halaga village in 2007. By then, half of the work in Alarwad had already been completed. The district authorities decided that the STP plant in Halaga should be at least 10 kilometres away from the city. Under the new plan, the KUWSDB plans to install two pump houses in Halaga to pump the sewage for treatment. The authorities had offered compensation of INR 7,000 per gunta (40 gunta is equal to one acre) to the farmers for their land, while the current market price is INR 30 lakh per gunta. The farmers in Halaga village believe that the BCC took a wrong decision to shift the plant from Alarwad to Halaga as the plant would be set up on fertile agricultural land in Halaga, increasing the chances of soil contamination. They claim the STP would have been operational by now if it would have been set up on barren land in Alarwad village as was proposed initially. In 2015, the Dharwad High Court ruled that the STP was necessary for the city as it would prevent sewage waste from spilling into the land and water. The farmers appealed against the order to a double bench of the high court the same year. In May 2017, the district commissioner ordered the officials of the BCC and KUWSDB to submit a status report of the plant after the farmers staged a massive protest. Additional Deputy Commissioner H.B. Budeppa said that the project cannot be implemented under the Land Acquisition Act, 2013, if the farmers are unwilling to give up their land. He asked the KUWSDB to look for an alternate location or to try and set up the STP in its original location in Alarwad. In August 2018, then Additional Deputy Commissioner Suresh Itnal asked Assistant Commissioner Kavita Yogappannavar to get a report of the ground situation from the farmers and the BCC. Following this, on May 19, 2019, a meeting was called by the water resource minister and was attended by MLA, Belgavi (Rural) and MLA, Belgavi (South) where the suggestion of moving the STP to Khasbag, Belgaum was mooted. At the same meeting, BCC Commissioner updated the attendees that under the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation scheme, 19 acres of land were identified at another location to set up the STP and INR 1.12 crore compensation would be given to people who stand to lose their land. A committee representing farmers was sought to be set up to take a final call in the matter. Subsequently, on June 7, 2019, the MLA of Belagavi (Rural) publicly declared that she would not allow work on the STP unless commensurate and equitable compensation was paid. A year later, on June 22, 2020, work on the STP commenced under police protection even as farmers protested. As per a report in September 2020, the construction work of the sewage treatment plant (STP) at Halaga. The contract has been awarded to the Pune based Gharpure Constructions
Refusal to give up land for the project
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?
Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict
Land Acquisition Laws, Other
Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
Section 24(2): Initiation of fresh proceedings when proceedings under the 1894 Act have lapsed; Section 26: Determination of the market value of the land being acquired; Section 27: Determination of the amount of compensation to be paid
Karnataka Urban Water Supply and Drainage Board Act, 1973
18(ii): The Board can acquire movable and immovable property
Land Acquisition Act, 1894
Section 4(1): Issue of preliminary notice; Section 6(1): Declaration that a land is required for a public purpose
Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute
What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Status of Case In Court
Whether any adjudicatory body was approached
Name of the adjudicatory body
Name(s) of the Court(s)
High Court of Karnataka (Dharwad Bench)
WRIT PETITION Nos.67359-67366/2011 & WRIT PETITION Nos.67900-910/2011
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Whether criminal law was used against protestors
Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?
Reported Details of the Violation:
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Nature of Protest
Protests/marches, Complaints, petitions, memorandums to officials , Advocacy (for inclusion in courts)
Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:
Karnataka Urban Water Supply and Drainage Board (KUWSDB)
PSUs Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Laxmi Hebbalkar, INC MLA (Belgavi Rural) and Ramesh Jharkiholi, Minister for Water Resources, MLA (Golak)