In October 2015, 5,000 farmers from 42 villages belonging to Vanthali and Junagadh blocks in Junagadh district protested in front of the district collector's office demanding that their villages be excluded from the new Junagadh Urban Development Authority (JUDA). They also submitted a memorandum, which the district collector did not take seriously, according to the farmers. There was another protest in the same month where about 2,000 farmers gathered to oppose JUDA. These villages were incorporated under JUDA in 2008. They now essentially fall under the Town Planning Act, which requires farmers to hand over 40 per cent of their land for developing city infrastructure and hand over the remaining 60 per cent at a different location. The main reason behind the resistance is that people wish to continue with their occupation as farmers and inclusion under the jurisdiction of JUDA will automatically mean a deduction of nearly 40 per cent of their land. They also fear that largescale urbanisation will rob them off water, making agriculture next to impossible and leaving them with the only option of selling their land. In 2016, 33 villages were allowed to exit JUDA, leaving behind 10 villages that continue to protest their inclusion. In February 2018, around 1,00,000 farmers from different parts of the state came together to strategise ways to oppose their inclusion under the respective Urban Development Authorities. In December 2018, the farmers threatened to stage a protest if they are not allowed to move out of JUDA, claiming that their cost of living has increased owing to being classified as urban. The convenor of the Khedut Hitrakshak Samiti, Atul Shekhda, stated, "There are many farm labourers. They have to pay INR 1,0001,500 every month for electricity, which they cannot afford. They have also not been provided the basic amenities they were promised in return."
Refusal to give up land for the project, Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?
Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict
Gujarat Town Planning and Urban Development Act, 1976
Section 22: [Appointment of Urban Development Authority for an area that is deemed to require development]
Common GDCR Notification
Rule 8.9.6: [Owners may have to contribute up to 40 per cent of their land for developmental purposes in non town planning areas]
Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute
What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Out of Court
Status of Case In Court
Whether any adjudicatory body was approached
Name of the adjudicatory body
Name(s) of the Court(s)
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Whether criminal law was used against protestors
Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?
Reported Details of the Violation:
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Nature of Protest
Complaints, petitions, memorandums to officials , Development of a network or collective action
Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:
Junagadh Area Development Authority
PSUs Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Gujarat Khedut Samaj, Jamin Adhikar Andolan Gujarat, Khedut Hit Rakshak Samiti