In May 2019, thousands of residents of Khoh, Kasan and Manesar villages in Haryana's Gurugram district had gathered outside the office of the Haryana State Industrial and Infrastructure Development Corporation (HSIIDC) to protest the acquisition of 162 acres of land in 2007 for the expansion of IMT (Industrial Model Township) or Manesar Township. According to the protesters, almost 90 per cent of the land in Manesar has been acquired by the government, and they claim that there is no land left for farming or for residential purpose. They also alleged that most of the acquired land has remained unused. In 2011, the protesting farmers took the matter to the Supreme Court, which directed the state to review the case in the light of the Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement (LARR) Bill, which was introduced in Parliament in the same year. The bill was passed in 2013 and came into force in January 2014. Under the LARR Act, land acquired under the Land Acquisition Act, 1894, should be returned to the land owners if it remains unutilised for five years after the acquisition. According to a media report, some of the land owners have accepted the compensation offered by HSIIDC, while some of them approached the district court and the High Court of Punjab and Haryana seeking to increase the compensation amount. The courts ruled in favour of the land owners, following which the HSIIDC approached the Supreme Court. In March 2018, the Supreme Court ruled in favour of HSIIDC. But the farmers are continuing their protests demanding to retain land back or more compensation than promised. "Many villagers are filed pleas in various courts seeking for the return of the land acquired," said Parveen, of Khoh village to LCW on 15, September, 2021. "The conflict land is lying vacant and the farmers are able to use it for cultivation. Our MLA has been promising that the government will resolve the matter," he added.
Demand for more compensation than promised, Demand to get back acquired land
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?
Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict
Land Acquisition Laws
Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute
What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Status of Case In Court
Whether any adjudicatory body was approached
Name of the adjudicatory body
Name(s) of the Court(s)
Civil Appeal No. 8788 of 2015
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Whether criminal law was used against protestors
Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?
Reported Details of the Violation:
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Nature of Protest
Advocacy (for inclusion in courts), Complaints, petitions, memorandums to officials , Protests/marches
Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:
Haryana State Industrial and Infrastructure Development Corporation (HSIIDC)
PSUs Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict: