Kutia Kondh Community in Odisha Awaits Forest Rights Titles in Kalahandi

Reported by

Sandeep Pattnaik

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

January 4, 2017

January 4, 2017

Updated on

January 4, 2017

Location of Conflict

Burlubaru

Kandhamal

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Plantations

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

Households Affected by Conflict

52

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

50

ha

Starting Year

2015

State

Odisha

Sector

Conservation and Forestry

At least 52 families in Burlubaru village in Odisha's Kandhamal district have received titles over 50 hectares (ha) of forestland in under the Forest Rights Act (FRA). The families belong to the Kutia Kondh community, a particularly vulnerable tribal group (PVTG). They have been cultivating tubers, fruit, millets and other indigenous crops on the land for several generations. Conflict began when the forest department began carrying out teak plantations on their cultivated land without the community's consent. The plantations are being carried out under schemes such as the Odisha Forestry Sector Development Project (externally aided project supported by Japan International Cooperation Agency), Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority (CAMPA) and the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MNREGA). In a Gram Sabha meeting in September 2015, the villagers passed a resolution against the plantations, stating that the forced plantations will have adverse impacts on the livelihoods of the forest dwellers and biodiversity.
The villagers have communicated their grievances to various government authorities, including the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC), following which the NHRC visited the area and submitted a report to the government. The report confirmed that the plantations were in fact being done on land where tribals had FRA rights over.
The forest department, however, claimed the plantations were taken up with the help of Vana Samrakhshan Samity (a joint committee of forest department and village residents), after "thorough discussion with the villagers," and there was no case of forcible plantation. However, villagers insist that this is a clear violation of their rights under FRA. Despite the protest by the villagers, the forest department is continuing the plantation.
When Land Conflict Watch reached out to residents of Burlubaru in October 2021, they stated that after the intervention by NHRC, the SC and ST Development Department had also issued a letter to the district collector and the Integrated Tribal Development Agency (ITDA) regarding the issue. For the last 3 three years, no plantation drive has been initiated by the forest department. However, the village is still waiting for the recognition of their Habitat Rights under the Forest Rights Act, which they had claimed in the year 2015.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for legal recognition of land rights

Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Complaint against procedural violations

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Legislations/Policies Involved

Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006
Section 2(h) [Definition of habitat to include customary habitat in reserved or protected forests of primitive tribal groups], Section 3(e) [Forest rights of forest dwelling tribes to include community tenures of habitat for primitive tribal groups]
Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Amendment Rules, 2012
Rule 12B [District level committee to ensure that Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups to receive habitat rights]
Compensatory Afforestation Fund Act, 2016
Section 6 [Provides the manner in which the state CAMPA fund shall be disbursed]
Development Challenges Specific to Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups - Recommendations of National Advisory Council dated 26 June 2013
Point II – Paras 3.1-3.7 [Recommended that rights, especially land and customary habitat rights, of PVTGS must be respected], Paras 4.1-4.6 [Recommended that implementation of FRA and PESA vis-à-vis PVTGs must be rigorously monitored], and Paras 5.1-5.3 [Recommended that after assessment of displaced PVTGs due to development projects, compensation/ rehabilitation for the same be carried out].
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  4. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  5. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  7. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

Yes

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

At least 52 families in Burlubaru village in Odisha's Kandhamal district have received titles over 50 hectares of forestland under the Forest Rights Act, 2006.

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

At least 52 families in Burlubaru village in Odisha's Kandhamal district have received titles over 50 hectares of forestland under the Forest Rights Act, 2006.

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-implementation/violation of FRA

Lack of legal protection over land rights

Scheduled Tribe status or lack of status

Violation of free prior informed consent

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Odisha State Forest Department

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Kutia Kondh

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

Image Credit:  

Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

Text LinkLand Conflict Watch
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