Legal Data by
August 29, 2021
August 29, 2021
August 29, 2021
On February 19, 2020, the Bhubaneswar Development Authority (BDA) and the Bhubaneswar Municipal Corporation (BMC) started a demolition drive in the Salia Sahi slum area to construct a six-lane parallel road between Jaydev Vihar and Patia Square in Bhubaneswar. The objective of the government to construct the road is to ease traffic congestion in the city.
The slum dwellers cried foul and claimed that the government did not serve them eviction notices prior to undertaking the demolition drive. The residents protested the move by taking to the streets with placards and shouting slogans. They blocked the roads and stopped the officials and the JCBs from entering their lane to carry out the demolition. They demanded the implementation of the Forest Rights Act and land to build houses. They also demanded that the date of the eviction be postponed so that the children can appear for their exam peacefully.
The police had deployed nine platoons of force to avoid any untoward incident. The residents withdrew their protest after BMC Commissioner Prem Chandra Chaudhary assured them that the eviction drive would be put on hold until the exams were over.
LCW emailed the Bhubaneswar Municipal Corporation, the Bhubaneswar Development Authority and the Commissionerate of Police for an update, but did not get any response.
Salia Sahi is home to at least 8,000 daily wage labourers. The residents say they do not have any other source of livelihood. According to them, many children in the area were preparing for their higher secondary certificate examination when officials attempted to start the eviction drive.
Sal Marndi, a member of the Salia Sahi Regional Committee (SSRC), told the media, “The BDA and BMC are violating the provisions of the Forest Rights Act (FRA), 2006, and the Indian Forest (Amendment) Bill, 2012. Besides, they did not give us prior information about the eviction drive today.”
SSRC President Anjan Nath said that the committee “welcomes the initiatives of the BDA and the BMC. However, they should rehabilitate us before demolishing our houses”.
Complaint against procedural violations
Demand for rehabilitation
Demand for legal recognition of land rights
Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources
Refusal to give up land for the project
Demand to postpone eviction until children's Board exams are complete
Total investment involved (in Crores):
Type of investment:
Year of Estimation
Page Number In Investment Document:
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?
Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict
Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute
What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?
What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Non-rehabilitation of displaced people
Forced evictions/dispossession of land
Violation of free prior informed consent
Out of Court
Status of Case In Court
Whether any adjudicatory body was approached
Name of the adjudicatory body
Name(s) of the Court(s)
Main Reasoning/Decision of court
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Whether criminal law was used against protestors:
Reported Details of the Violation:
The houses of slum dwellers in the Sali Sahi area were demolished and the people evicted even as children were preparing for their examination.
Date of Violation
February 18, 2020
Location of Violation
Salia Sahi, Bhubaneswar
Nature of Protest
Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:
Bhubaneswar Development Authority, Bhubaneswar Municipal Corporation, Commissionerate of Police
PSUs Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?
LCW emailed the Bhubaneswar Municipal Corporation, the Bhubaneswar Development Authority and the Commissionerate of Police for an update, but did not get any response as of August 2021.
Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?
Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:
Residents of Salia Sahi, Salia Sahi Regional Committee