Families Displaced by Gullu Hydroelectric Power Project in Chhattisgarh Demand Compensation

Reported by

Riddhi Pandey

Published on

October 19, 2016

October 19, 2016

Updated on

October 19, 2016

Location of Conflict

Gullu

Jhargaon and Chatakpur villages

Jashpur

This is A Schedule Five District

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Hydroelectric Project

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

182

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

30

ha

Starting Year

2007

State

Chhattisgarh

Sector

Power

In Gullu village in Jashpur district, Chhattisgarh Hydro Power Private Limited constructed a 24 megawatt power plant on Gullu waterfall, located on a tributary of the Mahanadi river. Since 2007, the project has been facing strong opposition from the tribal communities in 22 villages. The communities claim that the project would affect 1,476 families and the rich biodiversity of the region. They also fear displacement due to the submergence of land on the river banks, which the company has allegedly not considered.  The power company, on the other hand, claimed that the project would only affect 38 families living in four villages. The company reportedly denied the claims of the neighbouring villages and only offered compensation to the 38 families it identified. However, some of these families refused to take the money offered. According to a local news report, the communities also accused the company of violating the Forest Rights Act and the provisions for a Schedule V area in acquiring the land.   On March 26, 2007, the district administration organised a Gram Sabha in Dumartoli village to give the people information about the project.   In June 2011, residents of Gullu, Jhargaon and Chatakpur villages participated in a Gram Sabha to register their opposition to the project. They staged protests outside the company's office and voiced their concerns about displacement.  In October 2014, the Jal, Jungle Aur Jameen Bachao Samiti protested, claiming that the company was misleading the people and was illegally acquiring land. They demanded an immediate halt to the construction work. During a public meeting, villagers protested against the project and raised concerns over the illicit behaviour of the project staff. Some local political outfits and tribal leaders also extended their support to the protests.  By February 2016, only about 20 per cent of the project work could be completed as work came to a standstill on several occasions owing to persistent public agitation in the form of blockades, demonstrations and marches. However, the administration could not resolve the issue. Further, there is litigation against the company ongoing in the Chhattisgarh high court. Repeated protests delayed the completion of the project by almost three years. In 2017, the dam was commissioned after a final survey. Meanwhile, many of the concerns of the affected villagers remained unaddressed. 

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Opposition against environmental degradation

Refusal to give up land for the project

Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Both

Type of Common Land

Forest and Non-Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

200

Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws, Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006
Section 3 [Settlement of forest rights]; Section 4(2) [Consent of Gram Sabha to be taken and prior information to be provided]; Section 5 [This section empowers the Gram Sabha to regulate community forest rights]
Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989
Section 3(1)(f) [This section makes it punishable to wrongfully occupy land owned or possessed by a member of the Scheduled Caste or Scheduled Tribe]; Section 3(1)(g) [This section makes wrongful dispossession of land of a member of SC or ST punishable]
Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980
Section 2 [This section restricts the diversion of forestland for non-forest purposes]
Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
Section 24(2) [In case of land acquisition proceedings initiated under the Land Acquisition Act, 1894, where an award under the said Section 11 has been made five years or more prior to the commencement of this Act but the compensation has not been paid, the said proceedings shall be deemed to have lapsed]
Land Acquisition Act, 1894
Section 5A [Hearing of objections to the notification]; Section 11A [District Collector shall make an award within two years from the date of publication of the declaration]; Section 17(3A)(a) [Before taking possession of any land, the District Collector shall tender payment of 80 per cent of the compensation for such land as estimated by him to the person entitled thereto]; Section 31 [On making an award under Section 11, the District Collector shall tender payment of the compensation awarded by him to the persons interested entitled thereto according to the award]
Provisions of the Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996
Section 4(i) [Consultation with Gram Sabha mandatory before undertaking any land acquisition or development project]
  1. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  2. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  3. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  4. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  5. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  6. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  7. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Non-implementation/violation of FRA

Non-implmentation/violation of PESA

Violation of free prior informed consent

Controversial land acquisition by the government

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Pending

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

High Court of Chhattisgarh

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Protests/marches

Refusal of compensation

Advocacy (for inclusion in courts)

Blockades

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Chhattisgarh State Government

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Chhattisgarh Hydro Power Private Limited

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Jal Jungle Aur Jameen Bachao Samiti

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

Image Credit:  

Documented By

Text Link

Reviewed By

Text Link

Updated By

Text Link

Edited By

Text LinkLand Conflict Watch
X

Support our work

Your contribution ensures continuity of this crucial project.

As a member, you will get exclusive access to special reports, policy papers and research projects undertaken by Land Conflict Watch and behind-the-scenes interactions with the writers and researchers about their work.
Contribute Now