Muhasa Residents Oppose Coca-Cola Plant in MP's Hoshangabad Fearing Pollution of Narmada

Reported by

Arpit Deshmukh

Published on

May 13, 2017

May 13, 2017

Updated on

May 13, 2017

Location of Conflict

Muhasa

Hoshangabad

This is A Schedule Five District

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Beverages

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

110

ha

Starting Year

2016

State

Madhya Pradesh

Sector

Industry

In 2016, the state government had allotted 110 acres of land to the Coca Cola Company at Muhasa Industrial Estate, eight kilometres away from the Narmada river. The government claims that the estate was developed on government land. The Coca Cola company was the first to build its plant in the industrial estate in December 2016. The plant would be the biggest in India. To facilitate this, the government set up a water treatment plant that can treat five million gallons of water per day for uninterrupted water supply to the company. When fully operational, the soft drink unit would require about one million litres of water daily. The residents of Muhasa village, which is close to the industrial estate, and members of Vichar Madhya Pradesh, have opposed the project. They fear that besides polluting the river, the company will extensively exploit the waters of the Narmada, leaving little for the public to use for irrigation and household purposes. They staged a demonstration in front of the office of the district collector in March 2017 and took to the streets to march against the plant. Reportedly, the local administration tried to persuade the people by explaining to them about the zerodischarge impact of the project. With the controversies surrounding the project, Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chauhan in 2017 refused to attend the _bhumi poojan _(land worship ceremony) of the plant. In 2017, a group of local activists decided to file a petition in the Jabalpur High Court. In a similar case in Plachimada, Kerala, where the company's activities lead to water shortage and environmental problems, the Kerala government recommended the company be held liable for US$48 million in damages in 2010. Fearing the same fate, CocaCola had stalled the project in Hoshangabad till 2019. According to a news report, construction of the plant began in June 2020.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Opposition against environmental degradation

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

750

Type of investment:

Investment Made

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Constitutional Law

Legislations/Policies Involved

Constitution of India, 1950
Article 21 [Right to life violated for threatening the livelihood, including access to water]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Violation of standard international laws

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Pending

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Jabalpur High Court

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Protests/marches

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

M.P. Government

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Hindustan Coca-Cola Beverages Private Limited

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Vichar, Madhya Pradesh

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

Image Credit:  

Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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