Farmers Demand More Compensation for Sarkhej-Dholera Highway Land Acquisition in Gujarat

Reported by

Aditi PatilLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

July 8, 2021

Location of Conflict



Reason or Cause of Conflict




People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



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In June 2018, around 100 farmers from the AhmedabadDholera belt protested against land acquisition for the proposed 77kilometre SarkhejDholera Expressway.  In 2012, the Gujarat government published a notification as per the Land Acquisition Act of 1894 for the acquisition of 91.16 lakh square metres of land for the 116kilometre expressway. In 2013, the UPA government passed the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement (LARR) Act. Following this, the Gujarat government has now proposed to acquire land as per the 1956 National Highways Act and only for a 77kilometre stretch. The protesting farmers claim that more than 10,000 families in 29 villages will be affected because of the land acquisition. They argue that they would be paid just INR 2.5 lakh for one bigha whereas the commercial value of the land is between INR 1018 lakh per bigha, depending on the proximity of the plot to the road. They say their land is fertile and yields two to three crops a year. According to them, the government has reserved land along the SarkhejDholkaVatamanPipli and SarkhejBavlaBagodaraPipli highways, which could be used instead. In April 2020, tenders were floated for construction by the National Highways Authority of India, and in August 2020, it was awarded to Sadbhav Engineering Limited. The expressway is slated to be complete by March 2023. The June 2020 EIA report stated that "the compensation to project affected persons will be paid as per the 2013 LARR Act, the 1956 National Highways Act and other relevant Acts and guidelines of the Government of India." The report acknowledged that compensation was a major issue during public hearings but that the consultants had informed the farmers about the process and assistance. It also stated that compensation would be paid before the project is started. Construction is now underway, and no protest or opposition has been recorded since. However, LCW could not verify if the farmers have been adequately compensated.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Refusal to give up land for the project, Demand for more compensation than promised

Region Classification


Type of Land


Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Grazing Land), Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

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Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws, Environmental Laws, Other

Legislations/Policies Involved

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Controversial land acquisition by the government , Incorrect estimation of compensation

Legal Status:

Out of Court

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Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

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Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest


Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Gujarat State Road Development Corporation Limited, Government of Gujarat

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Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Sadbhav Engineering Limited, GHV India Private Limited, DRA Infracon Private Limited

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

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Resources Related to Conflict

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Documented By

Aditi Patil

Reviewed By

Aditi Patil

Updated By

Aditi Patil

Edited By

Aditi PatilLand Conflict Watch

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