Farmers Demand More Compensation for Sarkhej-Dholera Highway Land Acquisition in Gujarat

Reported by

Aditi Patil

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

July 3, 2018

July 3, 2018

Updated on

July 3, 2018

Location of Conflict

Ahmedabad

Ahmedabad

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Roads

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

48000

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

14000

ha

Starting Year

2012

State

Gujarat

Sector

Infrastructure

In June 2018, around 100 farmers from the AhmedabadDholera belt protested against land acquisition for the proposed 77kilometre SarkhejDholera Expressway.  In 2012, the Gujarat government published a notification as per the Land Acquisition Act of 1894 for the acquisition of 91.16 lakh square metres of land for the 116kilometre expressway. In 2013, the UPA government passed the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement (LARR) Act. Following this, the Gujarat government has now proposed to acquire land as per the 1956 National Highways Act and only for a 77kilometre stretch. The protesting farmers claim that more than 10,000 families in 29 villages will be affected because of the land acquisition. They argue that they would be paid just INR 2.5 lakh for one bigha whereas the commercial value of the land is between INR 1018 lakh per bigha, depending on the proximity of the plot to the road. They say their land is fertile and yields two to three crops a year. According to them, the government has reserved land along the SarkhejDholkaVatamanPipli and SarkhejBavlaBagodaraPipli highways, which could be used instead. In April 2020, tenders were floated for construction by the National Highways Authority of India, and in August 2020, it was awarded to Sadbhav Engineering Limited. The expressway is slated to be complete by March 2023. The June 2020 EIA report stated that "the compensation to project affected persons will be paid as per the 2013 LARR Act, the 1956 National Highways Act and other relevant Acts and guidelines of the Government of India." The report acknowledged that compensation was a major issue during public hearings but that the consultants had informed the farmers about the process and assistance. It also stated that compensation would be paid before the project is started. Construction is now underway, and no protest or opposition has been recorded since. However, LCW could not verify if the farmers have been adequately compensated.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Refusal to give up land for the project

Demand for more compensation than promised

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Private

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Grazing Land), Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

3500

Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws, Environmental Laws, Other

Legislations/Policies Involved

Land Acquisition Act, 1894
Section 6: [Declaration that land is required for a public purpose]; Section 11: [Determination of award and compensation by the Collector]
National Highways Act, 1956
Section 3A: [Power to acquire land for a national highway]; Section 3D: [Publication of a declaration of land acquisition for public purpose]
Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
Section 26: [Determination of the market value of the land while accounting for market value average sale price]; Section 27: [Determination of amount of compensation to be paid to those affected]; Section 105: [R&R for acquisition done under the exempted statutes in the Fourth Schedule to be paid in accordance with the provisions of the LARR Act, 2013]
Environmental Impact Assessment Notification, 2006
Schedule I, Item 7(f): [New national highways are Category A projects that require mandatory environmental clearance]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Controversial land acquisition by the government

Incorrect estimation of compensation

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Protests/marches

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Gujarat State Road Development Corporation Limited, Government of Gujarat

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Gujarat State Road Development Corporation Limited

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Sadbhav Engineering Limited, GHV India Private Limited, DRA Infracon Private Limited

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

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