Discrepancies in Land Compensation Stall Murkonseleg-Pasighat Railway Project in Arunachal Pradesh

Reported by

Sarup Sinha

Legal Data by

Anmol Gupta, Mukta Joshi

Edited by

Moushumi Sharma

Updated by

Published on

March 24, 2022

March 24, 2022

Updated on

March 24, 2022

Location of Conflict

Pasighat

Murkonseleg

East Siang

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Railways

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

ha

Starting Year

2021

State

Arunachal Pradesh

Sector

Infrastructure

The construction of the broad-gauge railway line from Murkonseleg in Assam to Pasighat in Arunachal Pradesh (known as Murkonseleg-Pasighat railway project) has been stalled over discrepancies in land compensation and alleged mismanagement by some government officials. Responding to a discussion initiated by politician Ninong Ering in March 2021, Arunachal Pradesh Chief Minister Pema Khandu informed the state Assembly that the Arunachal government would request the railway ministry, which had objected to the high price of land compensation, to expedite the completion of the project.

Commenting on the compensation rate, Khandu stated that INR 73 crore had been paid to the affected land owners for the first phase of the railway project, covering seven kilometres. Suggesting that the district officials’ erroneous estimation had led to such high compensation rates, Khandu mentioned that the state government had appointed a Special Investigating Cell (SIC) to probe into the discrepancies related to the compensation.

[Reports](https://nenow.in/north-east-news/arunachal-pradesh/railway-project-hard-hit-by-dispute-between-arunachal-government-and-affected-families.html#:~:text=Railway project hard hit by dispute between Arunachal government and affected famil) say that for Phase-II of the project, covering roughly 16 kilometres, the state government has fixed INR 463.59 per square metre as the compensation rate, which is meagre in comparison to the previous rate of INR 891 per square metre, in addition to 100 per cent solatium and 12 per cent interest, which the affected land owners in Assam’s Murkonseleg had received as compensation for Phase-I of the project.

Unhappy with the revised compensation rate and exclusion of factor-2 multiplication, the affected families, under the banner of Railway Project Affected Land Owners Association, gathered for a protest meeting where they appealed to the state government to scrap the new land price. Questioning the disparity in compensation between Phase-I and Phase-II, the association has demanded the revision of the compensation rate according to factor-2 multiplication. It has also demanded that the affected families be paid 12 per cent interest for five years during which their farms remained unused.

On April 21, 2021, the SIC arrested Tamiyo Tatak, Arunachal Pradesh’s state research joint secretary, in connection with the irregularities in the land acquisition and compensation for the Ruksin-Pasighat segment of the railway project. On September 30, 2021, the SIC arrested Ojing Nangkar, district land revenue and settlement officer, East Siang, and his elder brother, Enyo Nangkar, director land management, Itanagar, for their alleged involvement in the case, who were earlier absconding. Both had applied for an anticipatory bail from The Gauhati High Court, which was rejected on May 4 and 6, 2021.

According to the annual report of the Indian Railways, the Murkongseleg-Pasighat project will have a total length of 27 kilometres, with an anticipated cost of INR 661 crore.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for promised compensation

Demand for more compensation than promised

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Urban

Type of Land

Private

Type of Common Land

Total investment involved (in Crores):

661

Type of investment:

Investment Expected

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

102

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Legislations/Policies Involved

Railways Act, 1989
Section 20A-20M [Provisions related to land acquisition under the Act], Section 20A [Union government to acquire land for public purpose for execution of a special railway project]; Section 20F [Competent Authority to make award of compensation within a period of one year from declaration]; Section 20G [Determination of market value of land dependent on minimum land value and average sale price of adjoining land]
Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
Section 26 [District Collector to determine market value of land to be acquired by considering market value and average sale price for similar adjoining land. Market value to be multiplied by factors mentioned in First Schedule]; Section 27 [District Collector to determine the value of the land to be acquired]; Section 28 [District Collector to determine value of land considering the market value among other factors] First Schedule, point no. 2 [Factor by which market value to be multiplied in case of rural areas to be either 1 or 2 based on distance of project from urban area]; First Schedule, point no. 6 [Final award in rural areas to comprise the market value of land multiplied by one, in addition to 100 per cent of the market value of the land and assets to be paid as a solatium, amounting to a total of two times the value of the land]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Incorrect estimation of compensation

Non-implementation/violation of LARR Act

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

No

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Development of a network or collective

Protests/marches

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Office of the District Commissioner, East Siang; Department of Land Management

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Railway Project Affected Land Owners Association

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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