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Decades-old wait for compensation turns villagers into labourers in Jharkhand’s coal belt

Reported by

Sukriti Vats

Legal Review by

Anmol Gupta

Edited by

Anupa Sagar Kujur

Updated by

Updated by

Published on

June 10, 2024

June 14, 2024

Edited on

June 10, 2024

Sector

Mining

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Coal Mining

Starting Year

1984

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

9

ha

Households Affected by Conflict

30

People Affected by Conflict

144

State

Jharkhand

Sector

Mining

People Affected by Conflict

144

Households Affected by Conflict

30

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

9

ha

Starting Year

1984

Location of Conflict

Kedla

Ichakdih and Laiyo villages (Mandu block)

Ramgarh

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Coal Mining

Land Conflict Summary

The Ministry of Coal's response in the Parliament in July 2023 highlighted the issue of delayed compensation after the acquisition of land in 2004 under the Coal Bearing Areas (Acquisition and Development) Act, 1957, in Jharkhand's Ramgarh district.

While the response only mentioned the plight of Kedla village, it was found that even the residents of the neighbouring Ichakdih and Laiyo villages were unhappy as the Central Coalfields Limited (CCL) had denied compensation or offered inadequate reparations to them.

The central government subsidiary acquired land in Kedla village in 1984, 1996, and 2004 for coal mining in the Kedla underground and open-cast mines. In 1984, the land was also acquired in Ichakdih and Laiyo villages for Jharkhand collieries and Layio underground mining projects, respectively.

The Rajya Sabha response talked about the delayed compensation for 17.47 acres of tenancy or raiyat land i.e. the land held by a person who has a right to hold it primarily for cultivation directly under the government. However, the total land acquired in that year was 475.40 acres including the Gair Marzua land (deemed forest, common land) and the company promised to provide compensation even to those who had build houses on such lands.

The CCL had stated that it was the Jharkhand government that held up the compensation, but the latter alleged that the coal company had not given them documents for verification.

In Ichakdih village, three villagers displayed documents showing how they had been awaiting employment for a long time but were denied eventually for asking about it "too late." They alleged that about 86 families in their village had suffered a similar fate.

They further explained that it took years for them to collect paperwork (genealogical trees, revenue receipts), attest them and made revision every time those were sent back with more requests. However, in the end, the CCL denied them jobs citing an order where the Jharkhand High Court order had denied tenants compensation for requesting it beyond a reasonable time. The court order didn't involve anyone from the Ichakdih village but was regarding a similar case in a different district.

The Laiyo villagers were offered compensation but at a rate "less than the market rate" that they didn't accept at the time. The money was eventually put in the treasury. Here the CCL had violated the CBA provision by not negotiating with the land losers before deciding on the compensation amount. While the villagers were free to approach a tribunal or high court to demand more compensation, they alleged they were illiterate and poor, so neither did they know how to express grievances nor did they have the resources to hire lawyers.

The 9-10 residents who expressed grievances of their respective villages used to be cultivators before the agricultural land from which they sustained their families was acquired for coal mining. Now these people were forced to become daily labourers and depended on their wages to buy food. Sarpanch of Ichakdih village Chhaya Kumari claimed that this was the trend across Ramgarh wherever coal mining had been initiated.

Fact Sheet

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for compensation

Demand for more compensation than promised

Demand for employment

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

What was the action taken by the police?

How many people did the police detain or arrest?

What is the current status of the detained/accused persons?

Did the person face any violence while in police custody?

Did the person face any violence while in police custody?

If any arrests took place, were the accused persons produced before a judge within 24 hours of the arrest?

If the accused was not produced before a magistrate within 24 hours, or not produced at all, what were the reasons?

Legislation under which the accused was charged

Was the accused person informed of their right to legal representation? Did the accused person have access to legal aid?

In cases where the accused person approached the court for bail, was bail granted?

Why was bail granted or rejected? If granted, what were the bail conditions and quantum of bail?

Were there any other notable irregularities that took place, or other significant details?

Details of sources (names of accused, names and numbers of any lawyers, names of any police officers contacted)

Status of Project

Project underway despite protests

Original Project Deadline

Whether the Project has been Delayed

No

Significance of Land to Land Owners/Users

Agricultural land

Whether the project was stalled due to land conflict

No

Source/Reference

Total investment involved (in Crores):

17.3

Type of investment:

Investment Made

Year of Estimation

1979

Page Number In Investment Document:

26

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Legal Data

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Legislations/Policies Involved

Coal Bearing Areas (Acquisition and Development) Act, 1957
Section 10 [Once land has been acquired under this act by the Central Government, the rights of the land are vested with the Central Government.] Section 14 [Central Government to constitute a Tribunal to determine compensation when no agreement is reached between landowners and the Central Government. This Tribunal shall make the award for compensation after hearing both parties.] Section 17 [If compensation payable under the Act is not deposited with the landowners, the Central Government is liable to pay an interest at the rate of five per cent per annum from the time the compensation was due.]
  1. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  2. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  3. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  4. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  5. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  6. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  7. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

Yes

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

Resettlement and Rehabilitation Policy of Coal India Ltd.

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Delay in compensation

Non-payment of compensation/promised compensation

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Disposed

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Yes

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Jharkhand High Court

Case Number

WP No. 833/2013, WP 6358/2017

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

In Mangar Mahto and Suresh Mahto’s case, the Jharkhand High Court disposed off of their writs on October 7, 2021. Both petitions were filed seeking employment for the petitioners from CCL. The counsel for the petitioners noted that the dispute arose from 2010, when CCL started mining over the petitioners’ land without paying any compensation. CCL at a later date, in the presence of the local Circle Officer, agreed to provide employment and compensation. The counsel for CCL however contended that the disputed land was gairmazarua land or government forest land. The court noted that compensation can only be paid if right, title and interest of a person over the disputed piece of land is proved. The Court however refused to go into the merits of the case and instead granted the petitioners the liberty to approach the Tribunal set up under the Coal Bearing Areas Act, 1957. In another writ petition before the Jharkhand High Court, individuals had approached the court seeking appointment under the Rehabilitation and Resettlement Policy of Coal India Ltd. On June 24, 2018, the High Court took up the matter and also disposed of it. The court noted that the petitioners had failed to show why his family members were denied employment under the policy. Primarily, the Court was not inclined to entertain the case due to the delay in filing.

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Additional Information

Nature of Protest

Advocacy (for inclusion in courts)

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Blockades

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Circle office, District Commissioner Office and Department of Revenue, Registration & Land Reforms

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Central Coalfields Limited

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Village Panchayat

Information on the use of criminal law

What was the action taken by the police?

How many people did the police detain or arrest?

What is the current status of the detained/accused persons?

Did the person face any violence while in police custody?

If any arrests took place, were the accused persons produced before a judge within 24 hours of the arrest?

If the accused was not produced before a magistrate within 24 hours, or not produced at all, what were the reasons?

Legislation under which the accused was charged

Was the accused person informed of their right to legal representation? Did the accused person have access to legal aid?

In cases where the accused person approached the court for bail, was bail granted?

Why was bail granted or rejected? If granted, what were the bail conditions and quantum of bail?

Were there any other notable irregularities that took place, or other significant details?

Resources

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Images

A view of Kedla village that has come under coal mining

Image Credit:  

Sukriti Vats

Ichakdih villagers gathered to express grievances

Image Credit:  

Sukriti Vats

Video

The Ministry of Coal's response in the Parliament in July 2023 highlighted the issue of delayed compensation after the acquisition of land in 2004 under the Coal Bearing Areas (Acquisition and Development) Act, 1957, in Jharkhand's Ramgarh district.

While the response only mentioned the plight of Kedla village, it was found that even the residents of the neighbouring Ichakdih and Laiyo villages were unhappy as the Central Coalfields Limited (CCL) had denied compensation or offered inadequate reparations to them.

The central government subsidiary acquired land in Kedla village in 1984, 1996, and 2004 for coal mining in the Kedla underground and open-cast mines. In 1984, the land was also acquired in Ichakdih and Laiyo villages for Jharkhand collieries and Layio underground mining projects, respectively.

The Rajya Sabha response talked about the delayed compensation for 17.47 acres of tenancy or raiyat land i.e. the land held by a person who has a right to hold it primarily for cultivation directly under the government. However, the total land acquired in that year was 475.40 acres including the Gair Marzua land (deemed forest, common land) and the company promised to provide compensation even to those who had build houses on such lands.

The CCL had stated that it was the Jharkhand government that held up the compensation, but the latter alleged that the coal company had not given them documents for verification.

In Ichakdih village, three villagers displayed documents showing how they had been awaiting employment for a long time but were denied eventually for asking about it "too late." They alleged that about 86 families in their village had suffered a similar fate.

They further explained that it took years for them to collect paperwork (genealogical trees, revenue receipts), attest them and made revision every time those were sent back with more requests. However, in the end, the CCL denied them jobs citing an order where the Jharkhand High Court order had denied tenants compensation for requesting it beyond a reasonable time. The court order didn't involve anyone from the Ichakdih village but was regarding a similar case in a different district.

The Laiyo villagers were offered compensation but at a rate "less than the market rate" that they didn't accept at the time. The money was eventually put in the treasury. Here the CCL had violated the CBA provision by not negotiating with the land losers before deciding on the compensation amount. While the villagers were free to approach a tribunal or high court to demand more compensation, they alleged they were illiterate and poor, so neither did they know how to express grievances nor did they have the resources to hire lawyers.

The 9-10 residents who expressed grievances of their respective villages used to be cultivators before the agricultural land from which they sustained their families was acquired for coal mining. Now these people were forced to become daily labourers and depended on their wages to buy food. Sarpanch of Ichakdih village Chhaya Kumari claimed that this was the trend across Ramgarh wherever coal mining had been initiated.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for compensation

Demand for more compensation than promised

Demand for employment

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

17.3

Type of investment:

Investment Made

Year of Estimation

1979

Page Number In Investment Document:

26

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Legislations/Policies Involved

Coal Bearing Areas (Acquisition and Development) Act, 1957
Section 10 [Once land has been acquired under this act by the Central Government, the rights of the land are vested with the Central Government.] Section 14 [Central Government to constitute a Tribunal to determine compensation when no agreement is reached between landowners and the Central Government. This Tribunal shall make the award for compensation after hearing both parties.] Section 17 [If compensation payable under the Act is not deposited with the landowners, the Central Government is liable to pay an interest at the rate of five per cent per annum from the time the compensation was due.]
  1. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  2. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  3. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  4. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  5. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  6. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  7. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

Yes

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

Resettlement and Rehabilitation Policy of Coal India Ltd.

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Delay in compensation

Non-payment of compensation/promised compensation

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Disposed

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Yes

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Jharkhand High Court

Case Number

WP No. 833/2013, WP 6358/2017

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

In Mangar Mahto and Suresh Mahto’s case, the Jharkhand High Court disposed off of their writs on October 7, 2021. Both petitions were filed seeking employment for the petitioners from CCL. The counsel for the petitioners noted that the dispute arose from 2010, when CCL started mining over the petitioners’ land without paying any compensation. CCL at a later date, in the presence of the local Circle Officer, agreed to provide employment and compensation. The counsel for CCL however contended that the disputed land was gairmazarua land or government forest land. The court noted that compensation can only be paid if right, title and interest of a person over the disputed piece of land is proved. The Court however refused to go into the merits of the case and instead granted the petitioners the liberty to approach the Tribunal set up under the Coal Bearing Areas Act, 1957. In another writ petition before the Jharkhand High Court, individuals had approached the court seeking appointment under the Rehabilitation and Resettlement Policy of Coal India Ltd. On June 24, 2018, the High Court took up the matter and also disposed of it. The court noted that the petitioners had failed to show why his family members were denied employment under the policy. Primarily, the Court was not inclined to entertain the case due to the delay in filing.

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Advocacy (for inclusion in courts)

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Blockades

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Circle office, District Commissioner Office and Department of Revenue, Registration & Land Reforms

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Central Coalfields Limited

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

1) JN Gupta, Project Manager Jharkhand Collieries (CCL) - He was unsure of the reasons for the delay in compensation payment since he recently took charge of the position. 2) Jay Kumar Sharma, Circle Officer, Mandu - He said that there was no delay from their side but the CCL was the one not providing proper documents for verification. 3) Additional Collector (AC), Ramgarh (no comment) 4) Anjani Kumar Mishra, Additional Secretary, Department of Revenue, Registration and Land Reforms, Jharkhand - He said that verifications should not require so much time or efforts in the case of raiyati land, which is essentially private land (the type of land in question). 5) CCL officials (spoke on condition of anonymity) - Delays from the side of villagers as they were not providing possession documents for verification and state government because it takes a lot of time to make the required verifications.

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Village Panchayat

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:
A view of Kedla village that has come under coal mining

A view of Kedla village that has come under coal mining

Image Credit:  

Sukriti Vats

A view of Kedla village that has come under coal mining

Ichakdih villagers gathered to express grievances

Image Credit:  

Sukriti Vats

Documented By

Text Link

Reviewed By

Text Link

Updated By

Text Link

Edited By

Text LinkLand Conflict Watch

Other Land Conflicts in Jharkhand

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