Three Dalit Families Await Promised Land as Compensation for Thanagadh Firings in Gujarat

Reported by

Aditi Patil

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

March 25, 2018

March 25, 2018

Updated on

March 25, 2018

Location of Conflict

Thanagadh

Surendranagar

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Caste-based Conflict

Dalits in Gujarat awaiting land allotment since 6 years

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

14

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

4

ha

Starting Year

2012

State

Gujarat

Sector

Land Use

In September 2012, the police gunned three young Dalit men during a clash between two communities. Following protests, the state government asked the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment to conduct an inquiry. The affected families also filed FIRs against the accused police officers. However, there was no action taken then.  Subsequently, the state government announced a compensation of 32 lakh rupees and allocating three acres of land for each family. Meanwhile, the affected families continued to protest against the delay in the investigation with the support of local political and civil society outfits. They also filed RTI to access the 2013 Sanjay Prasad committee report, which wasnt made public even after three years.  In January 2016, the protestors came together with the Navsarjan Trust, a local Dalitrights organisation, to revoice their demand for justice. They questioned the government on the delay in the investigation and filing a charge sheet against the accused. They demanded a CBI inquiry into the case.  A 2016 news report stated that the state government formed a Special Investigation Team to look into the case. The decision came after several Dalit political leaders and activists requested the state government's intervention to expedite the process. The state also formed a special court and announced an additional compensation of two lakh rupees.  The Surendranagar district collector told a newspaper that the administration had already offered a plot of land to the families. But the affected families refused the uncultivable land and demanded plots at a different location, which was under the forest area, as per the news report. In July, the state government decided to speed up granting lands to the affected families. For this, it accepted the new proposal for alternative plots in Jamvadi taluka by the district administration. The Minister of the Social Justice and Empowerment Department announced that the allocations would be complete very soon. He claimed that the administration had already granted monetary compensation and other forms of social assistance. Following the assurances, the families ended the protests. In March 2018, the families again launched a protest claiming that the government took back the allocated lands after changing possession in the revenue records. They reasserted that the government was failing to bring justice to the victims. They again demanded a copy of the 2013 committee report about the incident and threatened to intensify the protests against the government's inaction. They threatened to launch an indefinite fast, block the roads and railway lines and sit on a strike outside the office district collector. 

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for promised land

Demand for promised compensation

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Grazing Land), Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Reform Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Gujarat Land Revenue Code, 1879
Section 62 [Unoccupied land may be granted on conditions.]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Delay in allottment and possession of land/property

Forced evictions/dispossession of land

Lack of legal protection over land rights

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Pending

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Gujarat High Court

Case Number

R/SCR.A/2912/2014

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Killing

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

September 22 and 23, 2012 – Three Dalit boys killed in two separate incidents of police firing

Date of Violation

September 22, 2012

Location of Violation

Thangadh, Surendranagar district, Gujarat

Nature of Protest

Protests/marches

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

District Administration of Surendranagar, Gujarat Social Justice & Empowerment Department

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Navsarjan Trust

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Reviewed By

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