The residents of Banjikhol village in Tamnar block have been spending sleepless nights. Their houses are being demolished to allow coal mining at Gare Palma IV/4 coal block by Hindalco Industries Limited, a private mining company. The coal block was transferred to Hindalco in 2015 from the previous lessee, Jayaswal Neco Limited, after the Supreme Court cancelled all mining leases in the country and ordered fresh allocations in 2014. Around 50 families, mostly from tribal communities, have been affected by the mining operations. The residents have refused to vacate their houses alleging lack of adequate compensation and rehabilitation by the local administration. They have even accused government officials of intimidating them. The government, meanwhile, claims the residents to be encroachers. Ashok Marbal, sub divisional magistrate of Gharghoda town in Raigarh, told LCW that the villagers have occupied the land illegally and are unwilling to leave despite being offered increased compensation. He said the administration would soon try to clear up the land for mining. Land rights activist and lawyer D.P. Chauhan, along with other activists, have moved court against the forceful evictions after the local administration paid no heed to their demands and failed to decide a suitable compensation package. The families staged a road blockade prior to the lockdown to protest against their eviction. Land activists also allege that Hindalco has not taken the consent of the village assembly, thus violating the Forest Rights Act, 2006. However, Rakesh Mishra, assistant vice-president of Human Resources at Hindalco, told LCW that most of the families have already shifted to the colonies that have been built for their rehabilitation and just two families were creating trouble by demanding more money. He added that it is the governments duty to hand over the land to Hindalco for mining.
Demand/Contention of the Affected Community
Demand for rehabilitation, Demand for more compensation than promised
Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:
Mineral Resources Department
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Hindalco Industries Limited
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Legislations Involved in the Conflict:
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Out of Court
Name(s) of Court(s)
Nature of Protest
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Reported Details of the Violation:
Officials intimidated village residents and threatened them to leave their houses.
Date of Violation
April 26, 2020
Location of Violation
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?