Adivasis in MP Refuse to Surrender Land for Thermal Plant, Reject Compensation

Reported by

Arpit Deshmukh

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

January 23, 2017

January 23, 2017

Updated on

January 23, 2017

Location of Conflict

Bhumka

Musamudhi

Sidhi

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Thermal Power Plant

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

500

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

445

ha

Starting Year

2009

State

Madhya Pradesh

Sector

Power

In 2009, ACB (India) Limited, a coal beneficiation private company, signed an Memorandum of Understanding with the Government of Madhya Pradesh for setting up a 1200 megawatt thermal power plant at Bhumka and Musamudhi villages in Majhauli tehsil in Sidhi district. The government acquired 1,100 acres land for the project and paid compensation much lesser than the market rate. In fact, the government transferred the compensation amount directly to the bank account of 40 land owners. The land owners, mostly Adivasis, are unhappy with the low compensation - INR 60,000-80,000 per acre.
Umesh Tiwari, convener of the Toko Roko Thoko Kranti Morcha, said, "The whole fight is about exploitation." He added that only when the company will provide revised compensation as per the LARR Act, 2013, and not the 1894 Land Acquisition Act will the framers and the organisation give their land for the project. In 2017, hundreds of framers joined in a protest against the land acquisition for the power plant.
Due to these bottlenecks, the work had not started till 2020. LCW spoke to Rajkumar Sinha of the National Alliance of People's Movement on July 30, 2020. He said that the Adivasis have still not given up their land, even though on paper it says that the land has been acquired and compensation given. Meanwhile, the affected people organised a conference on September 29, 2019, to get back their land officially while transferring back the compensation.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for more compensation than promised

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Private

Type of Common Land

Total investment involved (in Crores):

5809

Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

2014

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Legislations/Policies Involved

Land Acquisition Act, 1894
Section 4 [This section requires compensation rates to be made public at the time of issue of notification]; Section 11 [This section provides for the district collector to make a compensation award]; Section 23 [This section lays down the factors to be considered while determining the amount of compensation]; Section 23 [This section talks about the payment of compensation]
Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
Section 24 [This section states that the 1894 Act proceedings shall be lapsed where award was not made, or physical possession has not been taken and the affected people demand rates of compensation as per LARR 2013]; Section 27 [Amount of compensation is determined under this section]; Section 77 [Compensation is to be paid under this section]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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  6. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Incorrect estimation of compensation

Controversial land acquisition by the government

Non-implementation/violation of LARR Act

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Development of a network or collective

Objections as part of official procedures

Refusal of compensation

Protests/marches

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

ACB (India) Limited, Aryan M.P. Power Generation Private Limited

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Toko Roko Thoko Kranti Morcha

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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