Gandikota Reservoir in AP Submerges 6 Villages, People Yet to be Rehabilitated

Reported by

Rahul Maganti

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

January 12, 2017

January 12, 2017

Updated on

January 12, 2017

Location of Conflict

Kondapur mandal

Kadapa

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Irrigation Dam

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

43200

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

ha

Starting Year

2006

State

Andhra Pradesh

Sector

Infrastructure

The Gandikota reservoir project was first conceived in 2006 as part of the Galeru Nagari project to provide irrigation water to the farmers of Pulivendula in Kadapa district. However, the 26 TMC (Thousand Million Cubic Feet) reservoir is expected to submerge 22 villages in Kondapuram mandal in the district. The land acquisition in the villages falling in the submergence zone was completed prior to 2009, but the residents are still in possession of the land. Many affected families are yet to receive any kind of compensation and rehabilitation measures promised to them by the government. The state claims that 3,300 of the 9,000 families estimated to be displaced by the project have availed the compensation and rehabilitation and resettlement package and 5,700 families are yet to get the benefits. In 2015, the residents of Choutupalli, one of the worstaffected villages, blocked roads and staged _dharnas _to assert their right to farm the land (that they still possess) they had been cultivating for 40 years. In September 2015, a special package of INR 1 lakh was granted to the villagers but later cancelled in 2017. In late 2016, the state began releasing water from the reservoir without any warning, submerging six villages and leaving its residents homeless.
In January 2017, the National Alliance of People's movement approached the National Human Rights Commission regarding the submergence of the villages. The body alleged that the state government did not follow due process of the law and rehabilitation measures as per the Land Acquisition Act, 2013, and Andhra Pradesh Rehabilitation Policy, 2005. In August 2017, the government started acquiring more land in the three other villages of Kondapuram mandal to increase the capacity of the reservoir.
In May 2020, the state released INR 145.94 crore to be given to the affected families in Kondapuram. In September, 1,300 families from the Tallaproddutur village were evicted without providing them the compensation and rehabilitation package. The villagers claim that the Jogulpuram resettlement colony, where they are supposed to be resettled, is not yet constructed completely. After opposition to the eviction escalated, around 400 police personnel were deployed in the village. The residents have alleged that the police officials too have harassed them. A PIL was filed at the Andhra Pradesh High Court in September, 2020 by Jana Sena functionary and environmental activist Bolisetty Satyanarayana with urgent directions to the state government to not evict people affected by the Gandikota Project. The Court dismissed the petition in December, 2020 stating that all the Awards were passed and physical possession was taken much before 2013, and on this basis rejected the demand of the petitioner.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for promised compensation

Demand for rehabilitation

Complaint against procedural violations

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Both

Type of Common Land

Non-Forest (Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws, Central/State Government Policy, Constitutional Law

Legislations/Policies Involved

Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
Section 24 [Exception for the application of the provisions of the 2013 act when there is a lapse of proceedings regarding land acquired under the 1894 Act, due to non payment of award or non taking of possession before January, 2014]; Section 41(9) [Alienation of land to be deemed null and void due to disregard of regulations]; Section 32 [Collector to provide all infrastructural facilities and basic amenities in the resettlement areas]; Section 38 [Power of collector to take possession of acquired land after full payment of compensation within 3 months, and completion of resettlement and rehabilitation six months prior to submergence of the lands acquired]; Section 25 [Collector to make award within 12 months after publication of declaration]; Section 31 [Collector to pass award for Rehabilitation and resettlement of affected families]; Section 25 [Collector to make award within 12 months after publication of declaration]; Section 31 [Collector to pass award for Rehabilitation and resettlement of affected families];
Land Acquisition Act, 1894
Section 11A [Collector to make the award within a period of two years from the date of publication of the declaration, else entire Acquisition proceedings shall lapse]; Section 16 [Possession may be taken after award has been made by the collector]
Andhra Pradesh State Rehabilitation and Resettlement Policy, 2005
Para 4.5 [Functions of Administrator to ensure minimum displacement, Holding consultations with affected families, Protection of interests of the weaker sections, ensuring proper rehabilitation and resettlement]; Chapter 6 [Benefits to be extended to affected parties such as allotment of house sites and other grants];
Disaster Management Act, 2005
Section 6 (i)[Duty of National Disaster Management Authority to take measures to deal with a disaster situation]; Section 24 (d) [ ]; Section 36 [Duty of State Executive Committee to provide shelter, food, and other essential provisions]; Section 38 (k) [Duty of State government to provide rehabilitation and reconstruction assistance to victims]; Section 39 (b) [Responsibility of every State Government Department to integrate development plans and projects measures for prevention and mitigation of disaster]
Constitution of India, 1950
Article 21 [Right to life]
Andhra Pradesh Disaster Management Plan
Article 21 [Right to life]
Article 21 [Right to life]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Controversial land acquisition by the government

Forced evictions/dispossession of land

Non-rehabilitation of displaced people

Delay in compensation

Incorrect estimation of compensation

Non-implementation/violation of LARR Act

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Disposed

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Yes

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Andhra Pradesh High Court

Case Number

WP (PIL) No. 241 of 2020

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Other harassment

Displacement

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Involvement of national and international NGOs

Blockades

Refusal of compensation

Protests/marches

Development of a network or collective

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Government of Andhra Pradesh

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Human Rights Forum, Communist Party of India (Marxist), National Alliance of People’s Movements

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

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Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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