Village Residents Allege Forecefull Relocation from Tadoba Tiger Reserve in Maharashtra

Reported by

Eleonora Fanari

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

January 19, 2017

January 19, 2017

Updated on

January 19, 2017

Location of Conflict

Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve

Chandrapur

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Protected Areas

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

4762

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

0

ha

Starting Year

2004

State

Maharashtra

Sector

Conservation and Forestry

In 2007 in the Tadoba Andhari wildlife sanctuary in Maharashtra, 625.82 sq. km. was notified as Critical Tiger Habitat (CTH) under the Wildlife Protection Act, 2006. The notification of the CTH created an inviolate space where tribal families were not supposed to live. The new notified area comprised six villages--Botezari, Kolsa, Jamni, Ramdegi, Rantalodhi and Palasgaon--whose residents were, henceforth, not allowed to access the forest to graze their cattle on the land they had once considered their own. However, since 2004, the forest department officials had attempted to relocate the 6 villages. The authorities claimed that the relocation process was being carried out voluntarily through negotiations, however the tribal villagers said that they are being coerced and bullied by forest and revenue officials into leaving. In 2007, the 140 families of Botezari village were entirely relocated; 200 families of Ramdegi were moved out in mid-2013, and 222 families of Jamni village were relocated in March 2014. The villagers also alleged that the forest department had set the Rantalodhi village on fire to forcefully relocate the residents. The tribal residents are not happy with the forced eviction and relocation. According to a report, while Botezari was a revenue village where the tribal families had legal ownership on land, they were relocated in Bhagwanpur which is on forest land and the villagers haven't been given any ownership pattas. Furthermore, the land where they have been relocated is unfit for cultivation. Villager Rushi Soma Pendam said that they had demanded three things as part of the relocation package-Land, good agricultural facilities and financial assistance to tide them over the transition period but they got nothing. The villagers are further enraged because they have been banned to celebrate the annual procession to the shrine of their deity, Taroba, after whom the reserve is named. On February 13, 2019, tribal community members staged a protest for being denied entry into the core zone to worship their patron deity, Tadoba Dev. A month earlier, they had held a day long sit in when they were again denied entry into core zone. They have been determined to move to the high court to demand their right to enter the forest to worship. These communities are now fighting for the implementation of the Forest Rights Act (FRA), 2006, as they are not allowed to collect forest produce, such as bamboo. The village residents claim that no one had cared to build a road earlier to connect the villages but now a new fancy road has been built for the purpose of tourism. Since 2013, the villagers have started filing for community forest rights under the Forest Rights Act, 2006. In 2016, Community forest rights of families from 5 villages were recognized and in 2020, 4 more villages got their rights recognized. However, a report by an Environmental organization states that the villagers are being continuously harassed by forest department for demanding their rights.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources

Demand for legal recognition of land rights

Demand for rehabilitation

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Forest and Non-Forest, Non-Forest (Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Legislations/Policies Involved

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

No items found.

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Other harassment

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

The villagers claim of multiple instances where they have been bullied and coerced into evicting their houses and relocating. They have also alleged of harassment by forest officials for filing forest rights claims

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Tadoba Andhari tiger reserve

Nature of Protest

Protests/marches

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Forest Department

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Documented By

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Reviewed By

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