Tripura, Mizoram Agree on Joint Survey to Resolve Border Dispute over Phuldungsei Village

Reported by

Sarup SinhaLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

May 13, 2021

Location of Conflict


North Tripura

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Border Dispute



People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)


Starting Year





Land Use

Phuldungsei, a remote village in the hill range of the TripuraMizoram border, has become the subject of a territorial and jurisdiction dispute between the two states, both of which claim the village as part of its territory. Phuldungsei is located in the predominantly Mizoinhabited Jampui Hills, which is part of the Kanchanpur subdivision under North Tripura district. In August 2020, Chandni Chandran, the subdivisional magistrate of Kanchanpur, wrote a letter to the North Tripura district magistrate describing a possible jurisdiction problem at Phuldungsei that was noticed upon inspecting Mizorams electoral roll. It was found that the names of 130 people from Phuldungsei had been included in the electoral roll of Mizorams Hacchek (ST) constituency under the name of Zampui Phuldungsei. These people, however, are registered residents of Phuldungsei Village Council (VC), and they have also been availing ration benefits from Phuldungsei ration shop in Kanchanpur. Traditionally, Phuldungsei VC as a whole (despite its eastern side falling in Mizoram) has been accepted as part of Tripura. Hence, the inclusion of the village council and its residents in Mizoram's electoral roll seems to be problematic, the letter read, before going on to mention that there is an urgent need to demarcate the exact boundary between Mizoram and Tripura incorporating the entire Phuldungsei VC in Tripura. Previous attempts at the demarcation of the interstate boundary have been unsuccessful given the controversy around the resettlement of displaced Brus, who had left Mizoram in 1997 in the wake of violence. To resolve this longstanding dispute, an agreement was signed between the Centre and the Tripura and Mizoram governments in January 2020 for the permanent resettlement of 33,000 displaced Brus, who have been living in six relief camps in Tripura since 1997. However, the resettlement plan itself is embroiled in a fresh round of controvery. Mizoram officials, meanwhile, differ in their view. The district magistrate of Mamit, under which the Hacchek (ST) constituency falls, has been quoted as saying that one part of the village (Phuldungsei) comes under Tripura and another in Mizoram. A road that goes through the village connects the two states. Meanwhile, Tripura royal scion Pradyot Manikya Debbarman, chairperson of the Indigenous Progressive Regional Alliance, expressed disappointment over the jurisdiction row, demanding an explanation from the ruling Tripura government. He also requested Tripura Chief Minister Biplab Kumar Deb to protect Tripuras territorial integrity.   In October 2020, tension flared up again when the Mizoram government objected to the construction of a temple reportedly by a Bruled organisation called Songrongma at Betlingchhip near Phuldungsei. Concerned about a possible decline in law and order, the Mizoram government sought immediate intervention by the Tripura administration to put an immediate and indefinite stoppage on all construction activities. A week later, on October 16, the Mizoram government imposed Section 144 in the disputed Phuldungsei Zampie area. The Tripura government, in a letter, came out strongly against the prohibitory order, calling it objectionable, while announcing, once again, that the village falls under the administrative control of Tripura. On October 18, the Mizoram government revoked the prohibitory order as the construction of the proposed temple was cancelled by Songrongma. The Mizo Convention also calledoff their previously announced twoday shutdown. According to media reports, the situation has returned to normalcy now, with both states agreeing on a joint survey to resolve the dispute.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

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Type of Land


Type of Common Land

Forest and Non-Forest

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Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?


When did it end?

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Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Central/State Government Policy, Procedural Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Land-record discrepancies

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

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Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Complaints, petitions, memorandums to officials

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Land Revenue and Settlement Department (Government of Mizoram), Revenue Department (Government of Tripura), Mamit District Administration (Government of Mizoram), North Tripura District (Government of Tripura)

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

LCW reached out to Mamit district commissioner over phone, but he requested communication through email.

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

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Documented By

Sarup Sinha

Reviewed By

Sarup Sinha

Updated By

Sarup Sinha

Edited By

Sarup SinhaLand Conflict Watch

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