Tribal Communities Refuse to Give Land for Deoghar Airport in Jharkhand

Reported by

Alok

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

July 5, 2017

July 5, 2017

Updated on

July 5, 2017

Location of Conflict

Babupur, Bhitiya, Katia, Paharpur and Singhpur Yogidih

Deoghar

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Airport

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

2539

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

265

ha

Starting Year

2012

State

Jharkhand

Sector

Infrastructure

At least 529 families, mostly from tribal communities, are opposed to the construction of an airport in Deoghar district as the project will likely displace them. Around 13 villages will be affected, including Babupur, Bhitiya, Katia, Paharpur and Singhpur Yogidih villages. The airport construction was started with a tripartite agreement signed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation, Airports Authority of India and the state government. In May 2018, Prime Minister Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone for the project, which will be spread across of 653.75 acres. The government has already acquired 437.70 acres of _raiyati _(private) land. The remaining 144 acres is government land (including village common lands) and 18 acres is forestland. After the Deoghar district administration started the procedure for land acquisition, residents of Katia, Bhitia and Babupur villages called their respective Gram Sabhas to build consensus over giving their land for the airport. The people decided against giving "even an inch of" their land. Keeping in view the protest by the affected families, the Deoghar district administration initiated a public hearing. Sudhir Kumar, land acquisition officer of Deoghar, acknowledged to LCW that the people were angry over the prospect of displacement. He pointed out that while some of the families did not want to give their land, a few families wanted monetary compensation. The district administration has planned to shift the residents of Katia, Bhitia and Babupur to resettlement colonies in Nayadih and has proposed a package of INR 6.50 lakh for each displaced family. But a section of the villagers have demanded that the compensation package should include the value of their land. Another section has demanded the land value to be doubled as the market rate of the land went up after the project's announcement. Despite protests, the construction work continued, and the authorities claimed that the airport was likely to become operational from September 2021.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand for more compensation than promised

Refusal to give up land for the project

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Rural

Type of Land

Both

Type of Common Land

Forest and Non-Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

400

Type of investment:

Investment Expected

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws, Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
Section 4 [Preparation of Social Impact Assessment study by appropriate government authority]; Section 5[Public hearing to be conducted for Social Impact Assessment study by appropriate government authority]; Section 6 [Report of Social Impact Assessment Study to be published by appropriate government authority]; Section 11 [Appropriate government authority to publish the preliminary notification regarding land to be acquired in official gazette and make public everywhere]; Section 21 [District Collector to publish notice to all affected persons and be answerable to objections regarding claims to rehabilitation and resettlement by such affected persons]; Section 27 [Determination of compensation amount by District Collector]; Section 31 [District Collector to pass rehabilitation and resettlement awards for affected families]
Provisions of the Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996
Section 4d [Gram Sabha to be the customary mode of dispute resolution]; Section 4e [Gram Sabha to approve all plans for economic development before such plans are implemented]; Section 4i [Gram Sabha to be consulted before land acquisition in Scheduled Areas]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  5. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Controversial land acquisition by the government

Non-implmentation/violation of PESA

Non-implementation/violation of LARR Act

Incorrect estimation of compensation

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

No items found.

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Stone pelting

Protests/marches

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Airports Authority of India, Defense Research and Development Organisation, Deoghar district administration

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Sudhir Kumar, land acquisition officer of Deoghar, informed LCW that some of the families did not want to give their land while a few families wanted monetary compensation.

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Airport Authority of India

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Deoghar District Administration

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Documented By

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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Edited By

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