Tribalespeople Protest Against Par-Tapi-Narmada River Inter-linking Project in Gujarat

Reported by

Aditi PatilLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

June 22, 2021

Location of Conflict



This is A Schedule Five District

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Water Management



People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



Starting Year






In October 2017, four protest rallies were held in the tribal areas of Waghai, Ahwa and Kali Bhil in Dangs district and Dharampur town in Valsad. This was against the interlinking of the ParTapiNarmada river basins, a pet project initiated at the time Prime Minister Narendra Modi was Gujarat's chief minister. The tribespeople contend that when the forestland was allotted to them, they had cultivated and transformed it into agricultural farmland by incurring substantial expenditure. With the construction of reservoirs to link the river basins, these lands would inevitably submerge, displacing the farmers and rendering them incomeless. They also demanded that the government hold public hearings, condemning the lack of transparency in the process. Six reservoirs Jheri, Paikhed, Chasmandva, Chikkar, Dabdar and Kelwan are to be built over the rivers Par, Nar, Tan, Auranga, Ambica, Kapri and Purna. The project envisages transfer of surplus water from the rivers in Maharashtra and south Gujarat to feed the command area of Miyagam branch of the Narmada canal. It will save water in Narmada dam, which will be taken to Saurashtra and Kutch. In November 2017, state Irrigation Minister Nanubhai Vanani stated that the affected people will be adequately compensated and that the project will move ahead regardless of the tribals' stance on it. While Congress MLA Mangalbhai Gavit argued that the government intends to enhance the lives of others at the cost of adivasis, former BJP MLA Vijay Patel alleged that the opposition intends to bring Naxalism into Gujarat. The project faces opposition not just in Gujarat, but also in Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, all of which are ruled by the Bharatiya Janata Party party, since the interlinking is interstate.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Refusal to give up land for the project

Region Classification


Type of Land


Type of Common Land

Forest, Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)

Total investment involved (in Crores):


Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws, Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Controversial land acquisition by the government , Non-implementation/violation of the FRA

Legal Status:

Out of Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Case Number

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest


Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Government of Gujarat, National Water Development Agency

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Bharatiya Janata Party, Congress Party

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:
No Images Available

Documented By

Aditi Patil

Reviewed By

Aditi Patil

Updated By

Aditi Patil

Edited By

Aditi PatilLand Conflict Watch

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