In October 2017, four protest rallies were held in the tribal areas of Waghai, Ahwa and Kali Bhil in Dangs district and Dharampur town in Valsad. This was against the interlinking of the ParTapiNarmada river basins, a pet project initiated at the time Prime Minister Narendra Modi was Gujarat's chief minister. The tribespeople contend that when the forestland was allotted to them, they had cultivated and transformed it into agricultural farmland by incurring substantial expenditure. With the construction of reservoirs to link the river basins, these lands would inevitably submerge, displacing the farmers and rendering them incomeless. They also demanded that the government hold public hearings, condemning the lack of transparency in the process. Six reservoirs Jheri, Paikhed, Chasmandva, Chikkar, Dabdar and Kelwan are to be built over the rivers Par, Nar, Tan, Auranga, Ambica, Kapri and Purna. The project envisages transfer of surplus water from the rivers in Maharashtra and south Gujarat to feed the command area of Miyagam branch of the Narmada canal. It will save water in Narmada dam, which will be taken to Saurashtra and Kutch. In November 2017, state Irrigation Minister Nanubhai Vanani stated that the affected people will be adequately compensated and that the project will move ahead regardless of the tribals' stance on it. While Congress MLA Mangalbhai Gavit argued that the government intends to enhance the lives of others at the cost of adivasis, former BJP MLA Vijay Patel alleged that the opposition intends to bring Naxalism into Gujarat. The project faces opposition not just in Gujarat, but also in Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, all of which are ruled by the Bharatiya Janata Party party, since the interlinking is interstate.
Refusal to give up land for the project
Forest, Non-Forest (Other than Grazing Land)
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?
Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict
Land Acquisition Laws, Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws
Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute
What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Controversial land acquisition by the government , Non-implementation/violation of the FRA
Out of Court
Status of Case In Court
Whether any adjudicatory body was approached
Name of the adjudicatory body
Name(s) of the Court(s)
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Whether criminal law was used against protestors
Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?
Reported Details of the Violation:
Date of Violation
Location of Violation
Nature of Protest
Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:
Government of Gujarat, National Water Development Agency
PSUs Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Bharatiya Janata Party, Congress Party