Tribals in Madhya Pradesh Fear Loss of Livelihood from Morand-Ganjal Irrigation Project

Reported by

Aditi PatilLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

November 7, 2019

Location of Conflict




Reason or Cause of Conflict

Irrigation Dam



People Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)




Madhya Pradesh



The Morand and Ganjal irrigation projects, proposed in 1972, were approved by the Madhya Pradesh government in 2017. The MorandGanjal Complex Project area covers four districts of the stateHoshangabad, Betul, Harda and Khandwa. The project is aimed at benefiting 4,617 hectares of land in 28 villages in Hoshangabad, 17,678 hectares of land in 62 villages in Harsud tehsil in Khandwa and 29,910 hectares of agriculture land in 121 villages in Harda, Khirkiya, Sirali and Rahatgaon tehsils in Harda district. However, the initiation of surveys for land acquisition has led to a fear of loss of livelihood among the Korku tribals inhabiting the area. They have been organising themselves in small collectives to spread awareness about the repercussions of the project. In 2014, a public interest litigation was filed in the Jabalpur High Court on the likelihood of submergence of villages and noncompliance of compensation and rehabilitation rules. This was dismissed by the court on the ground that the project had received the approval of all the concerned authorities, including the environment ministry. According to a media report, 10 villages (four in Hoshangabad, four in Harda and two in Betul districts) are at the risk of submersion by the construction of these dams. Although surveys for acquiring land have begun, nothing has been communicated to the residents about relief and rehabilitation (R&R). The environmental clearance report for the project mentions that the R&R plan will be implemented as per the provisions of the Land Acquisition Act, 2013. The report states that this plan has been submitted to the Ministry of Tribal Affairs and that it is under scrutiny.

Region Classification

Type of Land


Private and Common

Type of Common Land

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Type of investment:

Land Area Affected
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Starting Year


Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Government Bodies Involved in the Conflict:

Madhya Pradesh government, Union Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change, Ministry of Water Resources, Central Water Commission, Ministry of Tribal Affairs

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Synergy Sansthan, a youth organisation that works for the development of slum dwellers

Has the Conflict Ended?

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