Adivasis Demand Return of Unused land in Rourkela Steel Plant, Odisha

Reported by

Sandeep Pattnaik

Legal Data by

Edited by

Updated by

Published on

July 9, 2017

July 9, 2017

Updated on

July 9, 2017

Location of Conflict

Rourkela

Sundergarh

Reason or Cause of Conflict

Steel Plant

(

)

People Affected by Conflict

3200

Households Affected by Conflict

Land Area Affected (in Hectares)

7981

ha

Starting Year

1959

State

Odisha

Sector

Industry

The Rourkela Steel Plant (RSP), the first integrated steel plant in the public sector in India, was set up with German Collaboration at Rourkela city of Sundhargarh district Odisha. The Orissa government had acquired about 15,000 acres spread across 33 villages for the SAILowned RSP and started operation in the year 1959 with an installed capacity of 1 million tons. For over a decade, the steel plant had made losses and the tribals allege that the venture did not expand operations significantly, which spurred the displaced families to demand the unused land. The displaced tribals have been demanding the return of around 5000 acres of surrendered land, claiming that the project has not been able to expand operations and does not need the surplus land. In a petition before the High Court, they had prayed for employment as well. On 2006, armed adivasi's blocked the railway entry point to Rourkela, paralyzing train traffic on MumbaiHowarh route. In 2016, Rameshawar Oraon, the Chairperson of the National ST Commission accompanied by the other members of the commission visited Rourkela February 2016 and heard the grievances of the displaced tribals of Rourkela steel plant. On 7 July 2017 the National Commission for Scheduled Tribe sent a directive to the district collector of Sundargarh and directed to stop all construction works, other works and, even tree plantation activities on the unutilized land, which was acquired by the Rourkela Steel Plant. Acting on the petition of a displaced tribal Lachu Oram and others, the NCST had held a sitting on October 18, 2019. This led to the sixth Rehabilitation and Periphery Development Advisory Committee (RPDAC) of RSP (Rourkela Steel Plant) meeting chaired by Revenue Divisional Commissioner (Northern Division) Temjen Wapang Ao in Rourkela on December 21, 2019. In 2020, NCST, once again summoned senior officials of State Government and authorities of the Steel Ministry and SAIL to discuss the grievances of the adivasis affected by the RSP.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Demand to get back acquired land

Demand for employment

Other Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Region Classification

Urban

Type of Land

Common

Type of Common Land

Forest and Non-Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):

Type of investment:

Year of Estimation

Page Number In Investment Document:

Has the Conflict Ended?

No

When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Land Acquisition Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Section 6-A(1) [The State Government shall be at liberty to withdraw from acquisition of any land of which possession has not been taken]; Section 6-A(2) [The State Government shall pay compensation for the damage caused to the land in the event of withdrawal from acquisition]
Land Acquisition Act, 1894
Section 16 [The Collector may take possession of the land after an award is made and the land shall vest in the State Government free from all encumbrances]
Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013
Section 24(2) [For any land acquisition made under the Land Acquisition Act, 1894 prior to five years from the commencement of the new Act, the proceedings will deemed to have lapsed where the physical possession of the land has not been taken]
Odisha Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Rules, 2015
Section 43(1) [Land acquired and taken possession of but not utilized will revert back to the State in all cases]
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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

  5. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

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    Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse varius enim in eros elementum tristique. Duis cursus, mi quis viverra ornare, eros dolor interdum nulla, ut commodo diam libero vitae erat. Aenean faucibus nibh et justo cursus id rutrum lorem imperdiet. Nunc ut sem vitae risus tristique posuere.

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community?

What was the Decision of the Concerned Government Department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Delay in allottment and possession of land/property

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Disposed

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Yes

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

Orissa High Court

Case Number

W.P (C) Nos. 15654 of 2005, 4441 of 2006 and 2308 of 2007

Main Reasoning/Decision of court

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:

Displacement

Whether criminal law was used against protestors:

No

Reported Details of the Violation:

Date of Violation

Location of Violation

Nature of Protest

Armed protests

Campaigns (grassroots organisations/press releases/media)

Advocacy (for inclusion in courts)

Complaints/petitions/letters/memorandums to officials

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

Government of Odisha

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Rourkela Steel Plant Authority

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Communities/Local Organisations in the Conflict:

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:

Image Credit:  

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Reviewed By

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Updated By

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