Madras High Court Allows Takeover of Land in Thiruvallur for SIPCOT Industrial Park

Reported by

Sundara Babu NagappanLand Conflict Watch

Last updated on

August 5, 2021

Location of Conflict

Thervoy Kandigai


Reason or Cause of Conflict

Special Economic Zones (SEZ)



People Affected by Conflict


Land Area Affected (in Hectares)



Starting Year



Tamil Nadu



The State Industries Promotion Corporation of Tamil Nadu (SIPCOT) has set up an Industrial Park in Thervoy Kandigai village in Tamil Nadu's Thiruvallur district. The State Government had alienated at least 1000 acres of land in the area for the construction of the park. The government through SIPCOT had acquired Community Forest land, documented originally as Meikkal Poromboke land (common grazing land) under Thervoy Kandigai Panchayat, which for several decades has been used by the villagers, especially members of the Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe communities. Since the project went public in 2007, the villagers have held several demonstrations, written to several officials, etc. opposing the project as it would destroy their forest lands. A former Panchayat President of Thervoy, Anbhazhgan, echoes the sentiment of the entire village– "Take our houses, not the forest. No one has got the right to destroy the forest." Thervoy is also reported to be an important catchment area, supplying the water requirements to at least 22 villages around the area. Reports also suggest that almost 1 lakh of the area's population depend on this source for their water needs. Since then, several villagers spearheading the protests had been slapped with false cases and arrested over the years. In September 2020, when Land Conflict Watch tried to get in touch with activists involved in the protests, they stated that the protests seem to have died down, since the park has been up and running for several years.

Demand/Contention of the Affected Community

Complaint against procedural violations, Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources, Opposition against environmental degradation

Region Classification


Type of Land


Type of Common Land

Forest and Non-Forest

Total investment involved (in Crores):


Type of investment:

Cost of Project

Year of Estimation

Has the Conflict Ended?


When did it end?

Why did the conflict end?

Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict

Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws, Constitutional Law, Environmental Laws

Legislations/Policies Involved

Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute

What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?

Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:

Controversial land acquisition by the government , Non-implementation/violation of the PESA

Legal Status:

In Court

Status of Case In Court

Whether any adjudicatory body was approached

Name of the adjudicatory body

Name(s) of the Court(s)

High Court of Madras

Case Number

Writ Petition No. 9319 of 2009

Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:


Whether criminal law was used against protestors

Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?

Reported Details of the Violation:

On 14th February 2010, an agreement of ‘no work’ till 23rd February was negotiated when over 500 women went to the SIPCOT site and asked them to stop work. But on the following day, 8 villagers, including three key activists among them, who have been spearheading the opposition against the land acquisition, were illegally detained and charged with various sections of the IPC and jailed by the Gummidipoondi police.

Date of Violation

February 14, 2010

Location of Violation


Nature of Protest

Advocacy (for inclusion in courts), Campaigns (Grassroots organisations/press releases/media), Complaints, petitions, memorandums to officials

Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:

State Industries Promotion Corporation of Tamil Nadu Ltd (SIPCOT)

PSUs Involved in the Conflict:

Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached

Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Michelin Tyre France , Bekaert Belgium

Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?

Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached

Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:

Sirapu Porulaathara Mandala Edirupu Iyyakkam. Dalit Mannurimai Kootamaipu, National Alliance of Peoples Movements

Resources Related to Conflict

  • News Articles Related to the Conflict:
  • Documents Related to the Conflict:
  • Links Related to the Conflict:
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Documented By

Sundara Babu Nagappan

Reviewed By

Sundara Babu Nagappan

Updated By

Sundara Babu Nagappan

Edited By

Sundara Babu NagappanLand Conflict Watch

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