The State Industries Promotion Corporation of Tamil Nadu (SIPCOT) has set up an Industrial Park in Thervoy Kandigai village in Tamil Nadu's Thiruvallur district. The State Government had alienated at least 1000 acres of land in the area for the construction of the park. The government through SIPCOT had acquired Community Forest land, documented originally as Meikkal Poromboke land (common grazing land) under Thervoy Kandigai Panchayat, which for several decades has been used by the villagers, especially members of the Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe communities. Since the project went public in 2007, the villagers have held several demonstrations, written to several officials, etc. opposing the project as it would destroy their forest lands. A former Panchayat President of Thervoy, Anbhazhgan, echoes the sentiment of the entire village– "Take our houses, not the forest. No one has got the right to destroy the forest." Thervoy is also reported to be an important catchment area, supplying the water requirements to at least 22 villages around the area. Reports also suggest that almost 1 lakh of the area's population depend on this source for their water needs. Since then, several villagers spearheading the protests had been slapped with false cases and arrested over the years. In September 2020, when Land Conflict Watch tried to get in touch with activists involved in the protests, they stated that the protests seem to have died down, since the park has been up and running for several years.
Complaint against procedural violations, Demand to retain/protect access to common land/resources, Opposition against environmental degradation
Forest and Non-Forest
Has the Conflict Ended?
When did it end?
Why did the conflict end?
Categories of Legislations Involved in the Conflict
Forest and Scheduled Area Governance Laws, Constitutional Law, Environmental Laws
Whether claims/objections were made as per procedure in the relevant statute
What was the claim(s)/objection(s) raised by the community? What was the decision of the concerned government department?
Legal Processes and Loopholes Enabling the Conflict:
Controversial land acquisition by the government , Non-implementation/violation of the PESA
Status of Case In Court
Whether any adjudicatory body was approached
Name of the adjudicatory body
Name(s) of the Court(s)
High Court of Madras
Writ Petition No. 9319 of 2009
Major Human Rights Violations Related to the Conflict:
Whether criminal law was used against protestors
Official name of the criminal law. Did the case reach trial?
Reported Details of the Violation:
On 14th February 2010, an agreement of ‘no work’ till 23rd February was negotiated when over 500 women went to the SIPCOT site and asked them to stop work. But on the following day, 8 villagers, including three key activists among them, who have been spearheading the opposition against the land acquisition, were illegally detained and charged with various sections of the IPC and jailed by the Gummidipoondi police.
Date of Violation
February 14, 2010
Location of Violation
Nature of Protest
Advocacy (for inclusion in courts), Campaigns (Grassroots organisations/press releases/media), Complaints, petitions, memorandums to officials
Government Departments Involved in the Conflict:
State Industries Promotion Corporation of Tamil Nadu Ltd (SIPCOT)
PSUs Involved in the Conflict:
Did LCW Approach Government Authorities for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of the Government Authorities Approached
Corporate Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Michelin Tyre France , Bekaert Belgium
Did LCW Approach Corporate Parties for Comments?
Name, Designation and Comment of Corporate Authorities Approached
Other Parties Involved in the Conflict:
Sirapu Porulaathara Mandala Edirupu Iyyakkam. Dalit Mannurimai Kootamaipu, National Alliance of Peoples Movements